Democratic Rights in Europe

The jailing of Catalan nationalists: Spanish government builds a police state

By Alex Lantier, 17 October 2019

The Spanish Supreme Court’s sentencing Monday of a dozen Catalan nationalists to a decade in prison for sedition is a politically illegitimate ruling that will live in infamy.

French President Macron launches Islamophobic campaign after Paris police office attack

By Anthony Torres, 14 October 2019

Macron declared that preventing such attacks required a permanent atmosphere of anti-Islamic denunciations.

Thousands protest in Germany against right-wing violence following fascist Yom Kippur attack

By Marianne Arens, 14 October 2019

Last Wednesday’s attack in Halle by a heavily armed fascist, anti-Semite, on the Jewish holy day of Yom Kippur, has evoked horror and a wave of solidarity protests against right-wing violence.

Right-wing extremist network behind fascist synagogue attack in Germany

By Ulrich Rippert, 11 October 2019

The reality is that the “ideological inciters” of the right-wing terrorist attack in Halle hold top positions within the state and security apparatus, the intelligence agencies, the military and the federal government.

Spanish Supreme Court approves exhumation of fascist dictator Francisco Franco

By Alejandro López, 11 October 2019

Despite the legitimate hatred that millions of workers feel for Franco, the fascist dictator and mass murderer, the exhumation ruling is a dangerous political fraud.

Hundreds of Extinction Rebellion protesters arrested in central London

By Steve James, 9 October 2019

Over 500 peaceful climate protestors have been arrested in central London in just two days as part of an escalating response from the British state aimed at outlawing mass environmental protest as a form of terrorism.

Theatres in Germany take a stand against the far right

By Verena Nees, 4 October 2019

A number of plays by the Austrian-Hungarian dramatist and novelist Ödön von Horváth took a clear stand against the rise of the Nazis and assume new relevance today.

French ex-President Jacques Chirac dead at 86

By Alex Lantier, 30 September 2019

The ubiquitous hailing of Chirac by the ruling establishment reflects above all the former Gaullist president’s ability to appeal to the political and class prejudices of the affluent middle class.

Spanish security firm spied on Julian Assange in the Ecuadorian embassy for US intelligence

By Kevin Reed, 28 September 2019

A defense and security firm based in Spain that was hired to protect the Ecuadorian embassy in London provided secret audio and video recordings of Julian Assange to US intelligence.

Podemos backs Madrid’s plans for repression against Catalonia

By Alejandro Lopez, 24 September 2019

Last Friday, Podemos General Secretary Pablo Iglesias announced his party would back repressive measures against Catalonia if it were part of a Socialist Party-led government

Germany: How the secret service and far-right AfD organised the ban on the “linksunten.indymedia” website

By Peter Schwarz, 20 September 2019

The cessation of criminal proceedings confirms that the ban on the website was an act of political censorship in which the Interior Ministry, the secret service and the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) closely collaborated.

“Protecting the European way of life” and “a stronger Europe in the world”

New EU Commission to intensify militarism and attacks on refugees

By Will Morrow, 16 September 2019

The European bourgeoisie is shifting so far to the right that it is dispensing even with hypocritical “humanitarian” titles that it previously bestowed on its right-wing policies.

Election in Austria: Freedom Party demonstrates its close links to the Identitarian movement

By Markus Salzmann, 16 September 2019

The speech delivered by an experienced FPÖ official to a group of several dozen neo-Nazis, shortly before the election, sends a clear signal.

Greek police detain 143 migrants in Athens raid

By George Gallanis, 12 September 2019

The vice president of Greece’s Police Union said the fascistic crackdown on refugees in Athens was like a finger turning on a “silent vacuum cleaner that will sweep up garbage.”

As Brexit deadline nears

UK government intensifies attack on freedom of movement

By Margot Miller, 12 September 2019

UK Home Secretary Priti Patel announced last week that government policy on movement to and from the EU would be “tougher” after October 31.

Scandal erupts over Público exposure of state complicity in Barcelona attack

Part II: The Barcelona daily La Vanguardia tries to discredit Público

By Alejandro López, 11 September 2019

The spearhead of the ruling elite’s counterattack on the Público exposure was a series of one-sided and provocative articles in La Vanguardia.

UK government to target “far left” in revised Counter Extremism Strategy

By Laura Tiernan, 10 September 2019

Amid the most acute crisis of capitalist rule since the 1930s, the report is preparation for state repression against the working class and its revolutionary vanguard.

Roger Waters holds concert on Monday

Take forward the fight to free Julian Assange!

By Joseph Kishore, 2 September 2019

Julian Assange and Chelsea Manning are the victims of a monstrous criminal conspiracy, involving the most powerful governments in the world, the intelligence agencies and the corporate media.

UK: Johnson considers suspending parliament to enforce no-deal Brexit

By Robert Stevens, 27 August 2019

The fact that the suspension of parliament to thwart opposition to government policy is being considered for the first time in more than 70 years is a testament to the crisis wracking British imperialism.

Demo article just for testing

UK: Johnson considers suspending parliament to enforce no-deal Brexit

By Robert Stevens and Zweiter Autor, 27 August 2019

The fact that the suspension of parliament to thwart opposition to government policy is being considered for the first time in more than 70 years is a testament to the crisis wracking British imperialism.

French government fires bus and rail workers accused of “radicalization”

By Anthony Torres, 27 August 2019

Under the cover of anti-terror laws introduced by the former Socialist Party government, the transport operators are empowered to fire workers based on government accusations.

Germany: A politically motivated verdict in Chemnitz refugee trial

By Marianne Arens and Peter Schwarz, 26 August 2019

A 24-year-old refugee from Syria has been jailed for years, so that the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) and the extremist mob, which rampaged in Chemnitz last summer, can claim their victim.

Germany: New higher education law in North Rhine-Westphalia allows military research

By Inti Gomez and Philipp Frisch, 26 August 2019

The focus of the law is the abolition of the Civil Clause, which proscribes research for military purposes.

Massive police mobilization in Biarritz, France as G7 summit opens

By Kumaran Ira, 24 August 2019

In preparation for this weekend’s G7 summit in Biarritz, the French authorities are carrying out a massive police mobilization to prepare to suppress any opposition.

Julian Assange’s father warns WikiLeaks’ publisher’s health is “declining rapidly” in Belmarsh Prison

By Oscar Grenfell, 20 August 2019

”The government will willingly sacrifice Julian’s well-being to the demands of the US and the UK.”

Over 450 refugees stranded in the Mediterranean for weeks as EU bars entry

By Will Morrow, 20 August 2019

The EU governments have no substantial differences with the fascistic anti-immigrant policies of Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini.

Blairites and Zionists escalate witch-hunt of Labour MP Chris Williamson

By Robert Stevens, 20 August 2019

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has refused to issue a single public word in defence of his former shadow cabinet minister.

Guardian columnist Owen Jones attacked by fascist thugs in London

By Robert Stevens, 19 August 2019

The attack is the latest on prominent left-wing figures and political organisations.

German daily defends right-wing extremist professor Jörg Baberowski

By Johannes Stern, 19 August 2019

The Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung is outraged because students at Humboldt University in Berlin blocked plans to establish a centre for research into dictatorships.

“Voyage of the Damned:” Hundreds of refugees stranded in the Mediterranean

By Bill Van Auken, 14 August 2019

Europe’s governments have shut their doors to refugees rescued from the sea after fleeing death and torture.

Stop the suppression of the San Francisco murals! Defend the right to history, art and culture!

By the Socialist Equality Party and the International Youth and Students for Social Equality, 14 August 2019

The SEP and the IYSSE condemn the suppression of the left-wing murals painted by Victor Arnautoff at George Washington High School in San Francisco and call on students, teachers and workers to unite in their defense.

The German media and Julian Assange: Silence and slander

By Gregor Link and Johannes Stern, 13 August 2019

Over a week after a US federal court threw out a civil case brought by the Democratic National Committee (DNC) against Julian Assange, the German media has been dominated by an embarrassed silence.

Labour-controlled Tower Hamlets council refused to host Palestinian charity event, citing “anti-Semitism” fears

By Jean Shaoul, 6 August 2019

The decision is a blatant attack on free speech and confirms that the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance definition of anti-Semitism provides a mechanism for censoring, silencing and even criminalising individuals and organisations that oppose Israel’s brutal suppression of the Palestinians, while slandering the entire left as “anti-Semitic.”

French government bans protests against police killing of Steve Caniço

By Will Morrow, 3 August 2019

President Emmanuel Macron’s imposition of a ban on protests against deadly police violence makes clear that a police state rules France.

UK: Over 1,300 homeless people penalised last year under the 1824 Vagrancy Act

By Joe Mount, 2 August 2019

The Act was used to prosecute 1,320 people during 2018 and is most commonly employed by police as a threat to force rough sleepers to relocate.

Berlin’s Jewish Museum director Peter Schäfer forced to resign

By Verena Nees, 2 August 2019

The campaign against alleged “left” anti-Semitism and the BDS boycott movement serves to suppress leftist movements and fuel genuine anti-Semitism.

Media silent on dismissal of DNC suit against Julian Assange

By Oscar Grenfell, 2 August 2019

Having trumpeted the slander that Assange is a “Russian agent” for the past three years, the New York Times, the Washington Post and other corporate outlets have blacked out a court decision refuting their lies.

Body of Steve Caniço, killed in police raid, found in France’s Loire River

By Alex Lantier, 1 August 2019

Prime Minister Edouard Philippe shamelessly declared that “no link” could be established between the police raid and Caniço’s death.

Die Zeit editor Jochen Bittner condemns “German pacifism”

By Johannes Stern, 31 July 2019

An op-ed by Bittner in the New York Times treats the German population’s aversion to war as a problem to be overcome.

Greece’s New Democracy party seeks to overturn law protecting students from police repression

By George Gallanis, 30 July 2019

The Greek ruling class is preparing the grounds for a dictatorial state reminiscent of Greece’s 1967-1974 junta, from whose bloody legacy the law was born.

1,300 arrested in police crackdown on liberal opposition in Russia

By Clara Weiss, 29 July 2019

The crackdown testifies to the extreme nervousness of the Kremlin and was meant as a show of force and a demonstration of the state’s readiness to violently repress any opposition, above all opposition coming from the working class.

US, Sweden and Britain dismiss UN finding that they tortured Assange

By Oscar Grenfell, 29 July 2019

The responses to the detailed indictment issued by UN Special Rapporteur on Torture Nils Melzer are the latest demonstration of the illegal character of the campaign against the WikiLeaks founder.

German government uses 75th anniversary of plot to kill Hitler to promote rearmament and war

By Johannes Stern, 27 July 2019

It is only logical that the German ruling class hails the assassins of July 20, who were extreme nationalists and deeply involved in Nazi crimes.

Stop the right-wing conspiracy! Defend the SGP against the Verfassungsschutz secret service!

Socialist Equality Party (Germany), 26 July 2019

The German Verfassungsschutz has produced a 56-page response to the lawsuit filed by the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei (Socialist Equality Party—SGP) challenging its official designation as a “left-wing extremist” organisation subject to state surveillance. The government’s response is an angry diatribe against Marxism and every form of socialist and progressive thought.

Publico reports Spanish intelligence facilitated 2017 Barcelona terror attack

By Alex Lantier, 20 July 2019

The report is prima facie evidence of criminal behavior by the Spanish state, abetted by other NATO powers, to create the climate to build a fascistic police-state regime.

After three-month cover-up, investigation into police assault of “yellow vest” Geneviève Legay transferred to Lyon

By Francis Dubois, 19 July 2019

The police assault on the septuagenarian in Nice is part of the erection of a police state by the government of the financial aristocracy headed by Macron.

Hundreds protest over drowning of refugee schoolgirl in UK

By Liz Smith, 17 July 2019

In the area surrounding the school just outside Manchester, one-third of all children live in poverty, that is in families whose income is less than 60 percent of the national median income.

Germany: How a right-wing conspiracy in the state apparatus is suppressing the investigation of the Lübcke murder case

By Ulrich Rippert, 12 July 2019

Every effort is being made to cover up the close involvement of Lübcke’s assassin with a far-right terrorist network that reaches deep into the secret services and the state apparatus.

Syriza’s election defeat: A balance sheet of a political betrayal

By Alex Lantier, 9 July 2019

Hailed as a “radical” alternative to capitalism by the middle-class left, the Syriza-led government of Alexis Tsipras spent four years carrying out austerity measures on behalf of the EU.

Paul Hanebrink’s A Specter Haunting Europe: The Myth of Judeo-Bolshevism

Part 2: Stalinism, communism and anti-Semitism

By Clara Weiss, 9 July 2019

Hanebrink’s false equation of Stalinism with communism leads to a significant and misleading omission in his discussion of the reemergence of anti-Semitism in Eastern Europe after World War II and internationally today.

Australian workers and youth speak out in defence of Assange at SEP rally

By our reporters, 3 July 2019

“No other political party, none of the human rights groups are acting. Amnesty is doing nothing! Getup is doing nothing!”

Paris police use pepper spray against seated climate change protesters

By Will Morrow, 2 July 2019

Riot police strolled around the group, pepper spraying their faces from 20 centimeters away and ripping protective goggles off them, as onlookers filmed with their phones.

UK: GCHQ/MI5 admit illegally spying on millions

By Trevor Johnson, 2 July 2019

Their admissions were the result of a court case brought by the civil rights group Liberty.

German captain of refugee rescue ship Sea Watch 3 arrested in Italy

By Marianne Arens, 1 July 2019

A few hours after the arrest, mayor of Naples Luigi di Magistris dedicated a sailing boat parade to the brave captain “and all other men and women being unfairly persecuted.”

Labour MP Chris Williamson suspended as Corbyn again appeases his right wing

By Chris Marsden, 1 July 2019

Williamson was first suspended on February 27 at the behest of right-wing and Zionist groups and individuals, based on baseless accusations of anti-Semitism.

Lübcke’s murderer was part of vast underground German neo-Nazi terrorist network

By Johannes Stern, 28 June 2019

Stephen Ernst, the assassin of CDU politician Walter Lübcke, acted as part of a neo-Nazi network with close ties to the right-wing terrorist National Socialist Underground.

Royal Marines from anti-Russia exercise daubed swastikas on chest

By Thomas Scripps, 28 June 2019

The marines were part of the Future Commando Force (FCF) taking part in Exercise Baltic Protector, described in the UK media as designed “to strike fear” into Putin.

Two German fighter jets collide in midair during practice flight

By Marianne Arens, 28 June 2019

Following the collision of two fighter planes, which resulted in the death of one pilot, German media outlets expressed their outrage at the lack of patriotism in the response of the population.

Watch the Sydney rally to free Assange live!

28 June 2019

The SEP rally is among the first events to be held since the WSWS International Editorial Board called for the formation of a Global Defence Committee to demand freedom for Assange and Manning.

Watch: Chris Marsden’s speech to Paris meeting to demand freedom for Assange and Manning

By Chris Marsden, 27 June 2019

The speech was delivered by Socialist Equality Party (UK) National Secretary Chris Marsden to a meeting hosted by the Parti de l’égalité socialiste on June 23.

Parti de l’égalité socialiste meeting in Paris demands freedom for Julian Assange

By our reporters, 25 June 2019

The meeting came three days after the World Socialist Web Site issued a call to build a Global Defense Committee fighting for Assange’s freedom.

Who was behind the murder of German politician Walter Lübcke?

By Peter Schwarz, 22 June 2019

Following the arrest of neo-Nazi Stephan Ernst, who has a lengthy criminal record, as the prime suspect in the case, witnesses have suggested that additional individuals participated in the crime.

Facebook blocks ad for PES meeting in Paris to defend Assange

By Alex Lantier, 22 June 2019

The Parti de l’égalité socialiste calls on its supporters to share its material and support the freeing of journalist Julian Assange and whistleblower Chelsea Manning.

EU powers build joint “Future Combat Air System”

European Union rearms for World War III

By Johannes Stern, 21 June 2019

At the Le Bourget air show the defence ministers of Germany, France and Spain signed major agreements to develop a joint European air combat system.

Conservative Party leadership contest

Boris Johnson poised to replace May as UK prime minister

By Robert Stevens, 21 June 2019

The contest between Johnson and Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt will now be decided by the Tories’ 160,000 members, who will vote in a postal ballot, with the winner to be announced the week of July 22.

The war on journalism is a war on the humanities

By Monika Eisenhauer, 21 June 2019

The World Socialist Web Site received this statement opposing the persecution of Julian Assange from Monika Eisenhauer, an independent historian and medievalist living in Germany.

London: Julian Assange Defence Committee lobbies Jeremy Corbyn’s Constituency Labour Party

“This is not a time for fence-sitting”

By our reporters, 21 June 2019

The Julian Assange Defence Committee urged rank-and-file Labour Party members in leader Jeremy Corbyn’s constituency to oppose US extradition proceedings against WikiLeaks publisher Julian Assange.

Italy: Captain in court for saving people in distress at sea

By Marianne Arens, 20 June 2019

Pia Klemp, who has rescued about 5,000 people in distress in a total of six missions, faces up to 20 years imprisonment and heavy fines.

Punk band files lawsuit against surveillance by German intelligence agency

By Martin Nowak, 20 June 2019

The injunction seeks to ensure that the 2018 intelligence agency report, which lists the band in the category “left-wing extremist music scene,” should no longer be published.

The murder of Walter Lübcke and the right-wing terror networks in the German state apparatus

By Johannes Stern and Peter Schwarz, 18 June 2019

The murder of Lübcke, who became a target of the extreme right after he defended refugees in 2015, is the outcome of the systematic rehabilitation of fascist politics by the ruling class.

“Everyone is fighting for justice, not only for the people for Grenfell Tower, but all the people around the world”

Family members and supporters of Grenfell fire victims speak to the WSWS

By our reporters, 17 June 2019

Hamid expressed the frustration of all the bereaved Grenfell families that they have still not been given answers as to why their loved ones perished and who is responsible.

Spain’s Supreme Court endorses 1936 fascist coup

By Alejandro López, 17 June 2019

If Franco is rehabilitated, it is because powerful factions of the ruling class are considering another break with legality and democratic forms of rule, in order to defend their wealth.

Left Party to enter state government in West Germany for the first time

By Peter Schwarz, 17 June 2019

Following the recent defeat of the SPD and Greens in Bremen, the Left Party is securing both parties a majority and joining the state government to continue their despised policies.

German police threaten climate change protesters

By Harold Hambacher, 17 June 2019

Police are treating youth concerned about climate change like criminals.

German Interior Ministry attacks press freedom

By Gregor Link, 11 June 2019

Under the guise of the new secret service law, the uncovering of state crimes and preparations for dictatorship in Germany is now to be criminalized.

UN Special Rapporteur on Torture warns Julian Assange could die in prison

By Kevin Reed, 6 June 2019

The UN Special Rapporteur on Torture said in an Australian radio interview on June 1 that Julian Assange could die in jail if his persecution is not ended here and now.

German Social Democrats and “The Left” strengthen domestic security agency

By Markus Salzmann, 25 May 2019

In addition to an increase in domestic secret service staff, the state government wants to strengthen the use of police informers and limit parliamentary control.

Swedish hearing to extradite Julian Assange delayed until June 3

By Mike Head, 22 May 2019

The Swedish allegations, first issued in 2010, are aimed at blackening the WikiLeaks founder’s name and devising a mechanism to have him dragged off to the US.

Clara Campos of the Julian Assange Defence Committee:

“We must act now in mobilising to free him. He is one of us.”

By Clara Campos, 17 May 2019

We are publishing here the remarks of Clara Campos, a representative of the Julian Assange Defence Committee, who spoke at the May 12 meeting in London in defense of Julian Assange and Chelsea Manning.

Torture report reveals German authorities’ brutal methods during deportations

By Marianne Arens, 16 May 2019

The Committee for the Prevention of Torture detailed methods that are both brutal and shocking.

Right-wing outcry over student protest against anti-Muslim “headscarf conference” at German university

16 May 2019

Legitimate criticisms of right-wing and racist positions are criminalised and denounced as “attacks on academic freedom” and “ideological terror.”

The extreme right in the European elections

By Peter Schwarz, 8 May 2019

The growth of the extreme right is the result of the systematic political, ideological and organisational support provided by the media, the establishment parties and the state.

Macron government fabrication of “yellow vest” hospital attack in Paris collapses

By Will Morrow, 4 May 2019

The government’s crude fabrication was aimed at casting the “yellow vest” protests as criminal and morally reprehensible, and justifying police state violence.

Protesters oppose US extradition proceedings against Julian Assange

By Robert Stevens, 3 May 2019

The British government and the judiciary are doing everything possible to facilitate the US capture of the journalist who has been found guilty of nothing more than a bail offence.

“Today’s protest is a symbol of the fight for freedom”

French Yellow Vests join Assange extradition protest in London

By our reporters, 3 May 2019

WSWS reporters spoke to demonstrators outside Westminster Magistrates Court protesting plans to extradite the WikiLeaks founder to the US.

Syriza government authorises mass evictions of refugees and asylum seekers

By John Vassilopoulos, 30 April 2019

The Syriza government has been at the forefront of cracking down on refugees as part of the European Union’s anti-immigrant agenda.

“Assange can only be defended by an international movement of the working class”

Christoph Vandreier speaks at Berlin rally to defend Julian Assange

By Christoph Vandreier, 27 April 2019

Christoph Vandreier, Deputy National Secretary of the Socialist Equality Party in Germany and a candidate in the European elections, addressed a rally in front of the Ecuadorian embassy in Berlin in defense of the Wikileaks publisher.

International finance backs Socialist Party in Spain’s April 28 elections

By Alejandro López, 26 April 2019

European Union sources are warning of prolonged political instability and looking to the PSOE and Podemos for an answer.

Germany: SGP European election campaign wins support for Julian Assange in Stuttgart

By our reporters, 26 April 2019

Teams from the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei (Socialist Equality Party, SGP) recently spoke with workers and youth in Stuttgart, inviting them to its April 27 election meeting and distributed WSWS material calling for freedom for Julian Assange.

Protest in London’s Parliament Square demands release of Julian Assange

By our reporters, 25 April 2019

The lively demonstration organised by the Julian Assange Defence Campaign was supported by the Socialist Equality Party and World Socialist Web Site.

Prosecution of German artists’ group dropped following mass protests

By Sybille Fuchs, 23 April 2019

Following a 17-month investigation, the prosecutor’s office in Gera has ceased its investigation into the activities of the group of performance artists known as the Centre for Political Beauty.

Socialist Equality Party intervenes at Paris rally in defence of Assange

By Anthony Torres, 19 April 2019

Socialist Equality Party members intervened at the rally on Saturday in defence of Assange at the invitation of the alternative news site Le Grand Soir.

SGP Chairman Ulrich Rippert addresses free Assange rally in Berlin

13 April 2019

Ulrich Rippert, the chairman of the Socialist Equality Party, addressed a rally in front of the British embassy in Berlin, Germany, demanding the freedom of WikiLeaks Publisher Julian Assange.

German interior minister tables Intelligence Services “Enabling Act”

By Wolfgang Weber, 13 April 2019

The new law would provide the three intelligence agencies with almost unlimited powers to monitor and spy on domestic and foreign citizens.

Spain seeks rebellion charges against Catalans for complaining of police violence

By Alejandro López, 13 April 2019

In the Orwellian atmosphere being stoked up by the ruling class in the run up to the April 28 general election, it is the victims of police brutality that are denounced as aggressors.

Worldwide outrage over arrest of WikiLeaks publisher Julian Assange

By Niles Niemuth, 12 April 2019

After nearly seven years of confinement to the Ecuadorian embassy in London, Assange now faces the possibility of a year in a UK prison and extradition to the United States.

Amid corruption scandals and deals with IMF and Washington, Ecuador’s government betrays Assange

By Bill Van Auken, 12 April 2019

The handing over of Assange to his British and US persecutors is part of a sharp drive to the right by the corruption-stained government of Lenín Moreno.

Westminster Magistrates Court

Former UK ambassador Craig Murray denounces arrest and conviction of Julian Assange

By our reporter, 12 April 2019

“There was no jury and no chance to mount a proper defence or have a proper hearing. It is clear the judge was extremely prejudiced,” Murray said.

Free Julian Assange!

By Statement of the World Socialist Web Site Editorial Board, 12 April 2019

The World Socialist Web Site emphatically condemns the forcible seizure and arrest of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange.

Germany: State prosecutor persecutes artists group for criticising far-right AfD

By Justus Leicht and Peter Schwarz, 9 April 2019

For the past 16 months the prosecutor’s office in the city of Gera has been investigating an artistic association known as the Center for Political Beauty on suspicion of “forming a criminal organisation.”