History

European Trotskyists mark 70th anniversary of World War II

A battle for empire rooted in profound contradictions of capitalism

By Julie Hyland, 31 October 2009

The following is a contribution by WSWS Editorial Board member Julie Hyland to an October 11 meeting convened by the European sections of the International Committee of the Fourth International to consider the lessons of the Second World War.

Germany: Armed Forces memorial unveiled in Berlin

By Bernd Reinhardt, 22 October 2009

Leading political and military circles in Germany are conducting a systematic campaign to revive militarism.

75 years since the 1934 truck drivers' strike in Minneapolis

13 October 2009

This papmhlet was originally published as a 4-part series of articles on the WSWs

“Socialism in One Country” and the Soviet economic debates of the 1920s

By Nick Beams, 13 October 2009

The lectures deal with some of the crucial conflicts over economic policy in the Soviet Union during the 1920s. One of the motivations for the lectures was to answer the distortions advanced by the British academic Geoffrey Swain in his book Trotsky published in 2006.

This week in history

13 October 2009

This week in history -- week of October 13, 2009

This week in history

12 October 2009

This week in history - Week of October 11, 2009.

75 years since the San Francisco general strike

By Marge Holland and Robert Louis, 18 September 2009

This year marks the 75th anniversary of the San Francisco general strike, which began as a strike of longshoremen.


Defending historical truth

Stalin’s Terror of 1937-1938: Political Genocide in the USSR, by Vadim Rogovin

By Andrea Peters, 9 September 2009

Vadim Rogovin’s Stalin’s Terror of 1937-1938: Political Genocide in the USSR is a seminal study of the purges that wiped out the entire generation of Bolshevik leaders and socialist workers and intellectuals who led the October 1917 Revolution.

Seventy years since the beginning of World War II

By Nick Beams, 3 September 2009

Today marks the 70th anniversary of the onset of World War II.

Revolutionary leadership and the struggle of 1934

75th anniversary of the Minneapolis truck drivers’ strike

By Ron Jorgenson, 31 August 2009

We are posting here an article on the 1934 Minneapolis general truck drivers’ strike, originally published in four parts. It is also available in PDF.

Revolutionary leadership and the struggle of 1934

75th anniversary of the Minneapolis truck drivers’ strike—Part four

By Ron Jorgenson, 29 August 2009

The final part of a four-part series on the 1934 Minneapolis general truck drivers’ strike.

Revolutionary leadership and the struggle of 1934

75th anniversary of the Minneapolis truck drivers’ strike—Part three

By Ron Jorgenson, 28 August 2009

The third part of a four-part series on the 1934 Minneapolis general truck drivers’ strike.

Revolutionary leadership and the struggle of 1934

75th anniversary of the Minneapolis truck drivers’ strike—Part two

By Ron Jorgenson, 27 August 2009

The second part of a four-part series on the 1934 Minneapolis general truck drivers’ strike.

Revolutionary leadership and the struggle of 1934

75th anniversary of the Minneapolis truck drivers’ strike–Part one

By Ron Jorgenson, 26 August 2009

The first part of a four-part series on the 1934 Minneapolis general truck drivers’ strike.

Corazon Cojuangco Aquino, 1933-2009

Part two

By Joseph Santolan, 5 August 2009

Corazon Aquino, former president of the Philippines, died of colon cancer on August 1. She had scarcely been dead for thirty minutes when eulogies and encomia began to flood the mainstream media.

Corazon Cojuangco Aquino, 1933-2009

Part one

By Joseph Santolan, 4 August 2009

Corazon Aquino, former president of the Philippines, died of colon cancer on August 1. She had scarcely been dead for thirty minutes when eulogies and encomia began to flood the mainstream media.

The Vietnam War and the decline of American imperialism

In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam, Robert S. McNamara (1995, Times Books)

By Patrick Martin, 8 July 2009

The following review of Robert McNamara's 1995 memoir originally appeared in the June 19, 1995, edition of the International Workers Bulletin, the forerunner of the World Socialist Web Site.

Historian says US backed “efficacious terror” in 1965 Indonesian massacre

By John Braddock, 7 July 2009

The US and British governments, supported by Australia, were complicit in the murder of more than half a million alleged communist sympathisers in the wake of the 1965 Indonesian coup.

Citizen of the world: a brief survey of the life and times of Thomas Paine (1737-1809)

By Ann Talbot, 8 June 2009

June 8 marks the 200th anniversary of the death of 18th century revolutionary Thomas Paine.

Origins and consequences of the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre

Part 3

By John Chan, 6 June 2009

This article is the conclusion of a three-part series examining the origins, consequences and political lessons of the Tiananmen Square massacre twenty years ago.

Origins and consequences of the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre

Part 2

By John Chan, 5 June 2009

This article is the second of a three-part series examining the origins, consequences and political lessons of the Tiananmen Square massacre twenty years ago. Part 1 was posted on June 4.

Origins and consequences of the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre

By John Chan, 4 June 2009

Two decades ago, on June 4 1989, Beijing resembled a war zone, with trucks ablaze, rapid and continuous gunfire and tanks rolling through streets strewn with dead bodies.

New from Mehring Books

Stalin’s Terror of 1937-1938: Political Genocide in the USSR

Advance orders now being taken

1 June 2009

Mehring Books is now taking advance orders for the first English translation of Stalin’s Terror of 1937- 1938: Political Genocide in the USSR, by the late Russian Marxist historian Vadim Rogovin. The book is being published in both cloth and paperback and will be available by the end of the month.

The Grundgesetz: 60 years of Germany’s post-war constitution

By Justus Leicht, 28 May 2009

Sixty years ago, May 23, 1949, saw the enactment of the Grundgesetz (literally, basic law, or constitution).

75th anniversary of the Toledo Auto-Lite strike

Historic 1934 struggle

By Charles Bogle, 27 May 2009

In 1934 workers in Toledo, Ohio, carried to victory one of the most important strikes in US history. Led by socialists, the Auto-Lite strike won broad support from the unemployed.

Book review: Death in the Haymarket

The eight-hour-day movement and the birth of American labor

By James Brewer, 19 May 2009

Death in the Haymarket by James Green is an important contribution to the early history of the American labor movement.

Lessons of the 1965 Indonesian Coup

Chapter One: The historical background

By Terri Cavanagh, 16 May 2009

In October 1965 the international working class suffered one of its greatest defeats and betrayals in the post-World War II period.

Lessons of the 1965 Indonesian Coup

Chapter Two: Stalinists betray the mass movement

By Terri Cavanagh, 16 May 2009

In December 1957 the whole fabric of imperialist domination over the Indonesian economy was shaken by a massive eruption of the working class and peasantry. Factories, plantations, banks and ships were seized and occupied.

Lessons of the 1965 Indonesian Coup

Chapter Three: 1965—Stalinism’s bloody legacy

By Terri Cavanagh, 16 May 2009

The Indonesian military coup of October 1-2, 1965 was the outcome of a carefully-orchestrated and long-planned operation by the CIA and the US-trained and backed commanders of the Indonesian armed forces.

Lessons of the 1965 Indonesian Coup

Chapter Four: Pabloite accomplices of counter-revolution

By Terri Cavanagh, 16 May 2009

In the months following the bloody CIA-organised military coup of October 1-2, 1965, every known member and supporter of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) and all working class parties, and hundreds of thousands of other Indonesian workers and peasants, were massacred or thrown into concentration camps for torture and interrogation.

Lessons of the 1965 Indonesian Coup

Chapter Five: Pabloites cover up Stalinist treachery

By Terri Cavanagh, 16 May 2009

The crisis of working class leadership was never posed so sharply as in Indonesia between 1963 and 1965. The fate of the Indonesian workers and peasants depended entirely on overcoming and defeating the counter-revolutionary line of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) which bound the working class hand and foot to the tottering bourgeois nationalist regime of Sukarno while the US-backed military prepared for a bloody coup.

The Haymarket frame-up and the origins of May Day

Part three

By Walter Gilberti, 13 May 2009

We are republishing a series of articles that originally appeared in April 1986 under the title “One hundred years since the Haymarket frame-up.” The articles were published in the Bulletin, the newspaper of the Workers League, forerunner of the Socialist Equality Party in the US.

The Haymarket frame-up and the origins of May Day

Part two

By Walter Gilberti, 12 May 2009

We are republishing a series of articles that originally appeared in April 1986 under the title “One hundred years since the Haymarket frame-up.” The articles were published in the Bulletin, the newspaper of the Workers League, forerunner of the Socialist Equality Party in the US.

The Haymarket frame-up and the origins of May Day

Part one

By Walter Gilberti, 11 May 2009

We are republishing here a series of articles that originally appeared in April 1986 under the title “One hundred years since the Haymarket frameup.” The articles were published in the Bulletin, the newspaper of the Workers League, forerunner of the Socialist Equality Party in the US.

Lecture 2

“Socialism in One Country” and the Soviet economic debates of the 1920s—Part 2

By Nick Beams, 7 May 2009

This is the second of two lectures delivered at an SEP summer school in August 2007 that deal with some of the crucial conflicts over economic policy in the Soviet Union during the 1920s.

Lecture 2

“Socialism in One Country” and the Soviet economic debates of the 1920s

By Nick Beams, 6 May 2009

This is the second of two lectures delivered at an SEP summer school in August 2007 that deal with some of the crucial conflicts over economic policy in the Soviet Union during the 1920s.

“Socialism in One Country” and the Soviet economic debates of the 1920s—Part 2

By Nick Beams, 5 May 2009

This is the first of two lectures, delivered at an SEP summer school in August 2007, dealing with some of the crucial conflicts over economic policy in the Soviet Union during the 1920s.

“Socialism in One Country” and the Soviet economic debates of the 1920s

By Nick Beams, 4 May 2009

This is the first of two lectures, delivered at an SEP summer school in August 2007, dealing with some of the crucial conflicts over economic policy in the Soviet Union during the 1920s

British Trotskyists challenge falsification of Spanish Civil War history

By our reporter, 21 April 2009

“Civil War and Foreign Intervention in Spain” was the topic of discussion at the British Academy in London on April 2.

The struggle against centrism and the founding of the Fourth International

Part three

By Bill Van Auken, 17 April 2009

There is perhaps no part of the political and theoretical heritage left by Trotsky that has been the object of more sustained and diverse attacks and revisions on the part of the centrists than the conception of transitional demands.

The struggle against centrism and the founding of the Fourth International

Part two

By Bill Van Auken, 16 April 2009

The tragic consequences of the attempt to steer a middle course between revolutionary Marxism on the one hand and Stalinism and Social Democracy on the other found full expression in the equivocal policy of Andres Nin and the POUM in Spain, which contributed decisively to the strangling of the Spanish revolution.

The struggle against centrism and the founding of the Fourth International

By Bill Van Auken, 15 April 2009

The five years between Trotsky’s call for the Fourth International in 1933 and the holding of a founding conference in 1938 were marked by a continuous struggle against a wide range of centrist political organizations active during this period, particularly in Europe , many of which professed sympathy with Trotsky’s perspective and some of which declared themselves for the Fourth International.

After the slaughter: political lessons of the Balkan War

By David North, 30 March 2009

The capitulation of Serbia to the US-NATO onslaught brings to an end the last major strategic experience of the 20th century. Its bloody conclusion endows the century with a certain tragic symmetry. It began with the suppression of the anti-colonial uprising of the Chinese Boxers. The century closes with a war that completes the reduction of the Balkans to the status of a neo-colonial protectorate of the major imperialist powers.

Britain: 25 years since the year-long miners’ strike

Part two

By Chris Marsden and Julie Hyland, 7 March 2009

This month marks the 25th anniversary of the 1984-85 British miners’ strike. We are republishing the conclusion of a two-part series that reviews its essential lessons. The series was first published in March 2004 to mark the 20th anniversary of the strike.

Britain: 25 years since the year-long miners’ strike

Part one

By Chris Marsden and Julie Hyland, 6 March 2009

This month marks the 25th anniversary of the 1984-85 British miners’ strike. Below we are republishing the first of a two-part series that reviews its essential lessons. The series was first published in March 2004 to mark the 20th anniversary of the strike.

The Revolution Betrayed and the fate of the Soviet Union

By Peter Daniels, 26 February 2009

An understanding the Russian Revolution and the Soviet state—their rise and subsequent degeneration—is critical in politically arming the working class by learning the lessons of the twentieth century in order to prepare for the struggles of the twenty-first.

The Revolution Betrayed and the fate of the Soviet Union

By Peter Daniels, 25 February 2009

An understanding of the Russian Revolution and the Soviet state—their rise and subsequent degeneration—is critical in politically arming the working class by learning the lessons of the 20th century in order to prepare for the struggles of the 21st.

The American media and the Lincoln bicentenary

By Tom Eley and David Walsh, 17 February 2009

The US media’s attempts to portray Obama as the heir of Lincoln’s legacy involve a grotesque historical and political falsification. While Lincoln will forever be associated with one of the great progressive causes of history—the ending of slavery through the Civil War—Obama bears an entirely reactionary relationship to today’s great political questions.

David North to speak at Michigan meeting

The world economic crisis and the return of history

2 February 2009

David North, national chairman of the Socialist Equality Party and chairman of the International Editorial Board of the World Socialist Web Site, will speak on the origins and implications of the world economic crisis.

Video: “So many thousands of unknown nameless people”—Franco's mass graves

28 January 2009

Vicky Short of the World Socialist Web Site interviewed Montserrat Martinez about her campaign to discover the truth about the mass graves that contain the remains of Republicans and leftists killed by Franco's forces during the Spanish Civil War and his regime that followed. She spoke to the WSWS about the exhumation of the grave containing the remains of her grandfather.

The Spanish Civil War and the Popular Front

Part two

By Ann Talbot, 27 January 2009

In Spain, Trotsky wrote, two irreconcilable programmes confronted one another. There was the programme that consisted of “saving at any cost private property from the proletariat, and saving as far as possible, democracy from Franco; and on the other hand, the programme of abolishing private property through the conquest of power by the proletariat.

The Spanish Civil War and the Popular Front

By Ann Talbot, 26 January 2009

The Soviet intervention in Spain can best be understood as an attempt to strangle a developing revolution, to physically liquidate its leading representatives, terrorize wider layers of workers and peasants and prevent their spontaneous revolutionary strivings from acquiring a more politically conscious form.

The economic, social and political disaster produced by the Zionist project

Part two

By Jean Shaoul, 22 January 2009

The conclusion of a two-part report on Israel and Palestine given to an expanded meeting of the World Socialist Web Site International Editorial Board in Sydney, Australia in January 2006.

The Bolsheviks in Power

The First Year of Soviet Rule in Petrograd

22 January 2009

Mehring books is proud to offer The Bolheviks in Power by Alexander Rabinowitch.

The economic, social and political disaster produced by the Zionist project

Part One

By Jean Shaoul, 21 January 2009

The first of a two-part report on Israel and Palestine given to an expanded meeting of the World Socialist Web Site International Editorial Board in Sydney, Australia in January 2006.

Trotsky’s home in exile in Norway

13 January 2009

On a recent visit to Norway, a German supporter of the ICFI visited the house in which Leon Trotsky took refuge some time after he was expelled from the Soviet Union in 1929. This reader provided an account of this period of Trotsky’s exile.

The tragedy of the 1925-1927 Chinese Revolution

Part 3

By John Chan, 7 January 2009

The rise and fall of the 1925-1927 Second Chinese Revolution was one of the most significant political events of the twentieth century. One cannot understand modern Chinese history without examining its lessons.

The tragedy of the 1925-1927 Chinese Revolution

Part 2

By John Chan, 6 January 2009

The rise and fall of the 1925-1927 Second Chinese Revolution was one of the most significant political events of the twentieth century. One cannot understand modern Chinese history without examining its lessons.

The tragedy of the 1925-1927 Chinese Revolution

Part 1

By John Chan, 5 January 2009

The rise and fall of the 1925-1927 Second Chinese Revolution was one of the most significant political events of the twentieth century. One cannot understand modern Chinese history without examining its lessons.

Stalin, Trotsky and the 1926 British general strike

Part Three

By Chris Marsden, 30 December 2008

Trotsky had argued that the very survival of British imperialism now rested not on the right-wing social democrats, but on the supposed lefts, without whom the right wing could not maintain its position in the labour movement.

Stalin, Trotsky and the 1926 British general strike

Part Two

By Chris Marsden, 29 December 2008

Bereft of any revolutionary guidance from the Communist Party of Great Britain, the working class had no possibility of arming itself against the role of the lefts who were being continually boosted under the Comintern’s orders.

Stalin, Trotsky and the 1926 British general strike

By Chris Marsden, 27 December 2008

More than 80 years on, the May 1926 British General Strike remains a defining moment in the history of the workers’ movement. Its lessons are essential for the development of a revolutionary strategy, not just in Britain but the world over.

1937: Stalin's Year of Terror

4 December 2008

This volume is the first major study by a Russian Marxist historian of the most tragic and fateful year in the history of the Soviet Union. Possessing an encyclopedic knowledge of Soviet source material, including archival documents that have only recently been released, Professor Vadim Rogovin presents a detailed and penetrating analysis of the causes, impact and consequences of Stalin’s purges.

Leon Trotsky, Soviet Historiography, and the Fate of Classical Marxism

By David North, 1 December 2008

This paper was presented by David North at a panel on “The Intellectual and Political Legacy of Leon Trotsky” at the recent 2008 National Convention of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies in Philadelphia.

On the 70th anniversary of the founding of the Fourth International

By David North, 3 November 2008

The following report was given by David North, national chairman of the Socialist Equality Party and chairman of the international editorial board of the World Socialist Web Site, to a meeting entitled “Socialism and the Future of Humanity” held November 1 in Ann Arbor, Michigan to mark the 70th anniversary of the Fourth International.

The German October: The missed revolution of 1923

Part 3

By Peter Schwarz, 1 November 2008

Eighty-five years ago, in October 1923, the German Communist Party prepared an insurrection and then cancelled it at the last minute, prompting Leon Trotsky to characterize it as “a classic demonstration of how it is possible to miss a perfectly exceptional revolutionary situation of world-historic importance.”

The Historical & International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party

31 October 2008

This document was adopted at the founding congress of the Socialist Equality Party (SEP), which was held in Ann Arbor, Michigan, on August 3-9, 2008. Tracing essential historical events and political experiences spanning more than a century,The Historical & International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party establishes the theoretical and political basis of the struggle for socialism.

The German October: The missed revolution of 1923

Part 2

By Peter Schwarz, 31 October 2008

Eighty-five years ago, in October 1923, the German Communist Party prepared an insurrection and then cancelled it at the last minute, prompting Leon Trotsky to characterize it as “a classic demonstration of how it is possible to miss a perfectly exceptional revolutionary situation of world-historic importance.”

The German October: The missed revolution of 1923

By Peter Schwarz, 30 October 2008

In October 1923, the German Communist Party prepared an insurrection and then cancelled it at the last minute, prompting Leon Trotsky to characterize it as “a classic demonstration of how it is possible to miss a perfectly exceptional revolutionary situation of world-historic importance.”

European history in the longue durée

Europe Between the Oceans by Barry Cunliffe

By Ann Talbot, 9 October 2008

Barry Cunliffe, Europe Between the Oceans: Themes and Variations: 9000 BC--AD 1000, (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2008)

The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party—Part 10

9 October 2008

The Socialist Equality Party (US) today continues publication of The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party. The document was discussed extensively and adopted unanimously at the Founding Congress of the SEP, held August 3-9, 2008.

The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party—Part 9

8 October 2008

The Socialist Equality Party (US) today continues publication of The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party. The document was discussed extensively and adopted unanimously at the Founding Congress of the SEP, held August 3-9, 2008.

The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party—Part 8

7 October 2008

The world capitalist crisis and the escalation of class conflict brought to the surface political problems in the Workers League. The growth of the League in the late 1960s and early 1970s had been based to a great extent on the radicalization of student and minority youth.

The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party—Part 7

6 October 2008

The Socialist Equality Party (US) today continues publication of The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party. The document was discussed extensively and adopted unanimously at the Founding Congress of the SEP, held August 3-9, 2008.

The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party—Part 6

4 October 2008

The Socialist Equality Party (US) today continues publication of The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party. The document was discussed extensively and adopted unanimously at the Founding Congress of the SEP, held August 3-9, 2008.

The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party—Part 5

3 October 2008

The Socialist Equality Party (US) today continues publication of The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party. The document was discussed extensively and adopted unanimously at the Founding Congress of the SEP, held August 3-9, 2008.

The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party—Part 4

2 October 2008

 The Socialist Equality Party (US) today continues publication of The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party. The document was discussed extensively and adopted unanimously at the Founding Congress of the SEP, held August 3-9, 2008.

The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party—Part 3

1 October 2008

The Socialist Equality Party (US) today continues publication of The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party. The document was discussed extensively and adopted unanimously at the Founding Congress of the SEP, held August 3-9, 2008.

The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party—Part 2

30 September 2008

The Socialist Equality Party (US) today continues publication of The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party. The document was discussed extensively and adopted unanimously at the Founding Congress of the SEP, held August 3-9, 2008.

Chrysler 1979: Lessons from an early corporate “bailout”

Lessons from history

By Tom Eley, 26 September 2008

In 1979, Chrysler Corporation, the third largest US automaker, hovered on the verge of collapse, a victim of sharply declining revenue and cash-on-hand that had reached the level of threatening daily operations.

The Spanish Civil War by Andy Durgan

Britain’s Socialist Workers Party lends credence to Stalinist line on Spanish Civil War—Part 2

By Ann Talbot, 17 September 2008

Andy Durgan, The Spanish Civil War: Studies in European History (Palgrave Macmillan, 2007: New York, New York)

The Spanish Civil War by Andy Durgan

Britain’s SWP lends credence to Stalinist line on Spanish Civil War—Part 1

By Ann Talbot, 16 September 2008

Andy Durgan, The Spanish Civil War (New York, New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007). The Spanish Civil War generates a massive body of historical work every year. This book stands out and merits attention because Andy Durgan is associated with the British Socialist Workers Party.

1968: The general strike and the student revolt in France

Part 8—The centrist line of the OCI (4)

By Peter Schwarz, 8 September 2008

This is the eighth and final part in a series of articles dealing with the events of May/June 1968 in France.

1968: The general strike and the student revolt in France

Part 7—The centrist line of the OCI (3)

By Peter Schwarz, 6 September 2008

This is the seventh in a series of articles dealing with the events of May/June 1968 in France.

1968: The general strike and the student revolt in France

Part 6—The centrist line of the OCI (2)

By Peter Schwarz, 5 September 2008

This is the sixth in series of articles dealing with the events of May/June 1968 in France.

1968: The general strike and the student revolt in France

Part 5—The centrist line of the OCI (1)

By Peter Schwarz, 4 September 2008

The Organization Communiste Internationaliste (OCI) officially broke with the International Committee of the Fourth International in 1971, but the political course it pursued in 1968 was already far removed from the revolutionary perspective it had defended, along with other ICFI sections, against Pabloite revisionism at the beginning of the 1950s.

Sixty-five years since the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

By Harvey Thompson, 16 April 2008

This week marks 65 years since the uprising by the Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto against the attempt by the Nazis to transport the remaining Jewish population of the Polish capital to the Treblinka death camp.

Letter from the children of Jean Brust, veteran Trotskyist

30 November 2007

November 24 marked 10 years since the death of Jean Brust, a founding member of the Workers League, predecessor of the Socialist Equality Party. The following letter was sent to the World Socialist Web Site by Cynthia and Steven Brust, the surviving children of Jean Brust, a veteran of the Trotskyist movement.

A life as a revolutionary

By Fred Mazelis, 26 November 2007

The tenth anniversary of the death of Comrade Jean Brust is a time for serious reflection on the meaning of Jean’s life as a revolutionary, which spanned approximately the last six decades of the twentieth century.

Ten years since the death of Jean Brust, veteran Trotskyist

26 November 2007

November 24 marks ten years since the death of Jean Brust, a founding member of the Socialist Equality Party and its predecessor, the Workers League. Brust, a veteran of 60 years fighting for socialism in the United States and internationally, suffered a massive stroke on November 21, 1997 and died three days later, at age 76.

An example to the new generation

By Helen Halyard, 26 November 2007

It is hard to believe that a third of a century has passed since I first met Jean Brust at a meeting of the Workers League, forerunner of the Socialist Equality Party, in 1972. It was shortly after I joined the party. I was convinced of the need for a socialist perspective and the correctness of Trotsky’s struggle against the Stalinist bureaucracy, but I still had a lot to learn.

A letter on academic ethics in response to David North’s “Leon Trotsky and the post-Soviet school of historical falsification”

17 July 2007

The following letter was sent to the World Socialist Web Site in response to, “Leon Trotsky and the post-Soviet school of historical falsification: A review of two Trotsky biographies by Geoffrey Swain and Ian Thatcher”.

A letter from Professor Geoffrey Swain and a reply by David North

19 May 2007

The World Socialist Web Site invited Professors Ian Thatcher and Geoffrey Swain to reply to David North’s critical review of their biographies of Leon Trotsky. (See “Leon Trotsky and the post-Soviet school of historical falsification: A review of two Trotsky biographies by Geoffrey Swain and Ian Thatcher”) On May 10, the WSWS received a letter from Professor Swain, which we post below along with a reply by North. No letter has been received from Ian Thatcher. Click here to download the letter and reply in PDF format.

“He was a revolutionary in the absolute best sense of the word.”

70th anniversary meeting honors the life and work of Vadim Zakharovich Rogovin

By our correspondent, 14 May 2007

May 10 marked what would have been the 70th birthday of the Russian Marxist historian and sociologist Vadim Zakharovich Rogovin, who died in September 1998 after a years-long battle with cancer. A memorial service and book presentation honoring his life and work was held on Friday, May 11, at his former place of work, the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow.

Leon Trotsky and the post-Soviet school of historical falsification

A review of two Trotsky biographies by Geoffrey Swain and Ian Thatcher

Part 4: The relevance of Trotsky

By David North, 12 May 2007

Today we publish the first part of a four-part review of two biographies of Trotsky written by Professors Geoffrey Swain and Ian D. Thatcher. The first, second and third parts can be accessed here. Click here to download the entire review in PDF.

Leon Trotsky and the post-Soviet school of historical falsification

A review of two Trotsky biographies by Geoffrey Swain and Ian Thatcher

Part 3: The method of Ian Thatcher

By David North, 11 May 2007

Today we publish the first part of a four-part review of two biographies of Trotsky written by Professors Geoffrey Swain and Ian D. Thatcher. The first, second andfinal parts can be accessed here. Click here to download the entire review in PDF.

Leon Trotsky and the post-Soviet school of historical falsification

A review of two Trotsky biographies by Geoffrey Swain and Ian Thatcher

Part 2: The study of Trotsky after the fall of the USSR

By David North, 10 May 2007

Today we publish the first part of a four-part review of two biographies of Trotsky written by Professors Geoffrey Swain and Ian D. Thatcher. The first, third and final parts can be accessed here. Click here to download the entire review in PDF.

Leon Trotsky and the post-Soviet school of historical falsification

A review of two Trotsky biographies by Geoffrey Swain and Ian Thatcher

Part 2: The study of Trotsky after the fall of the USSR

By David North, 10 May 2007

Today we publish the first part of a four-part review of two biographies of Trotsky written by Professors Geoffrey Swain and Ian D. Thatcher. The first, third and final parts can be accessed here. Click here to download the entire review in PDF.

Leon Trotsky and the post-Soviet school of historical falsification

A review of two Trotsky biographies, by Geoffrey Swain and Ian Thatcher

By David North, 9 May 2007

The years since the fall of the USSR have seen the emergence of what can best be described as The Post-Soviet School of Historical Falsification. The principal objective of this school is to discredit Leon Trotsky as a significant historical figure, to deny that he represented an alternative to Stalinism, or that his political legacy contains anything relevant in the present and valuable for the future.

Starting Wednesday, WSWS to publish lecture: “Leon Trotsky and the post-Soviet school of historical falsification”

8 May 2007

Over the next four days, beginning tomorrow, the World Socialist Web Site will be publishing an essay by David North, chairman of the editorial board of the WSWS and national secretary of the Socialist Equality Party (US), entitled, “Leon Trotsky and the post-Soviet school of historical falsification: A review of two Trotsky biographies by Geoffrey Swain and Ian Thatcher.”