Spain

Madrid subway shut down by mass strike

By Alex Lantier, 30 June 2010

Train drivers shut down the Madrid subway yesterday after a mass workers’ assembly voted to disregard minimum service rules imposed by the Madrid regional authorities.

Spain: Socialist Party government seeks to impose “labour reforms”

By Paul Stuart, 26 June 2010

The methods used to force Greece into massive austerity are now being deployed in Spain. The nation’s economy, the fifth largest in Europe, faces economic meltdown.

Spain: Strikes and protests greet PSOE austerity measures

By Paul Stuart, 10 June 2010

On Tuesday, 2 million public sector workers participated in strikes and demonstrations against the austerity policies of social-democratic Prime Minister Jose Luiz Zapatero.

Spain: government imposes austerity and pay cuts

By Paul Stuart, 5 June 2010

The ruling Socialist Workers Party of Spain (PSOE), led by Prime Minister Jose Zapatero, has pushed through a package of cuts adding up to €15 billion and imposed a 5 percent pay cut on government workers.

Judge Baltasar Garzón suspended for investigating Franco’s crimes

By Vicky Short, 29 May 2010

The internationally renowned Spanish judge, Baltasar Garzón, was suspended from his post on May 14, accused of perverting the course of justice by the body that oversees the judiciary, the General Council of the Judiciary (CGPJ).

Spain: Prime Minister pledges tough austerity measures “whatever the cost”

By Vicky Short, 1 May 2010

Spain’s Socialist Party (PSOE) Prime Minister José Luis Zapatero has pledged to implement austerity measures “whatever the cost”.

Spanish airport strikers given two-year probationary sentences

By Paul Mitchell, 3 April 2010

Twenty-three Spanish airport workers who went on strike at Barcelona airport on July 28, 2006 and occupied the runways have been given two-year probationary sentences.

Spanish airport strikers face imprisonment for sedition

By Vicky Short and Paul Mitchell, 20 March 2010

The charges brought against 27 Spanish airport workers, under an anti-terror law passed during Franco’s fascist dictatorship, represent a major offensive against democratic rights.

Spain: Fascist Falange allowed to join prosecution of Judge Baltasar Garzón

By Vicky Short, 1 March 2010

The Spanish Supreme Court has allowed the fascist party, the Falange, to join a private prosecution brought against Judge Baltazar Garzón because of his attempts to investigate the crimes of the Franco dictatorship.

Spanish unions offer meek protests against pension reforms

By Paul Mitchell, Vicky Short and Tom Eley, 26 February 2010

Spanish unions organized demonstrations this week whose main aim was to defuse widespread anger against the pension reforms proposed by the Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) government.

Spain: Government and unions conspire to impose austerity measures

By Vicky Short, 10 February 2010

Prime José Luis Zapatero of the ruling Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) government has held secret meetings with the leaders of Spain’s trade unions to negotiate labour reforms and austerity measures behind the backs of the working class.

Spanish Communist Party seeks to re-found United Left

By Alejandro López and Paul Mitchell, 8 February 2010

The Spanish Communist Party (PCE) is seeking to re-found the crisis-ridden United Left (Izquierda Unida), which it set up in 1986.

Spain: Youth unemployment tops 40 percent

By Marcus Morgan, 25 January 2010

In Spain’s worst recession for more than 50 years, official figures for the end of 2009 show nearly 4 million people out of work.

Former Spanish prime minister lays out his right-wing agenda

By Vicky Short, 5 December 2009

Last month Spain’s ex-Popular Party (PP) prime minister, José María Aznar, gave a lecture to the London School of Economics (LSE) outlining his proposed solutions for the economic crisis.

Thousands of jobs threatened in British Airways-Iberia merger

By Marcus Morgan, 2 December 2009

The jobs, wages and working conditions of thousands of airline workers are under threat due to proposals to merge the British Airways and Spanish carrier Iberia airlines.

Amnesty International condemns Spain’s Incommunicado Detention Law

By Marcus Morgan, 7 October 2009

A report published last month by the human rights group Amnesty International criticised the Spanish legal system for breaches of international guidelines on the treatment of detainees held “incommunicado.”

Spain: Unions and PSOE government prepare austerity measures

By Vicky Short, 30 September 2009

Spanish trade unions are collaborating with the Socialist Party government and employers in preparing a programme of austerity measures.

Spain: Judge Garzón faces prosecution for investigating Franco-era crimes

By Paul Mitchell, 22 September 2009

Investigative Judge Baltasar Garzón has appeared in court as a result of a prosecution brought by far-right organisations for investigating crimes committed during the dictatorship of General Francisco Franco.

Talks on labour relations in Spain break down

By Vicky Short, 18 August 2009

Negotiations between the trade unions and employers in Spain were halted at the end of last month, despite the efforts of the government, due to increasing social tensions.

Spain: Government admits economic crisis far worse than previously acknowledged

By Paul Bond, 16 July 2009

Deputy Prime Minister and Economy Minister Elena Salgado has been forced to admit that the economic situation in Spain is far worse than previously acknowledged.

Spain: Immigrant worker claims boss threw his severed arm in bin

By Vicky Short, 24 June 2009

A Bolivian immigrant worker in Spain has accused bakery bosses of throwing his severed arm into a rubbish bin.

Spanish judge calls for extradition of US soldiers

By Marcus Morgan, 3 June 2009

A Spanish judge has again called for the extradition of three US soldiers to Spain to face charges of indiscriminate attacks against civilians in war.

Spain: Unemployment could soar to one-in-four next year

By Marcus Morgan, 26 May 2009

Unemployment is set to rise to record levels in Spain as the economy contracts under the impact of the global financial meltdown.

Spain: Migrant workers spend years stranded outside “Fortress Europe”

By Vicky Short, 13 May 2009

In 2005, a group of 72 Sikhs left India on the hazardous journey to Europe, hoping to find work. Four years later, many of them are still stranded on the border with Spain.

Spain: Garzón investigation reveals abuse suffered by Guantánamo detainees

By Paul Mitchell, 5 May 2009

Garzón’s investigation targets the “possible material authors, enablers and accomplices” of illegal abuses, possibly including the high-level Bush administration officials, responsible for what amounts to an “authorized and systematic plan for torture.”

Spain: Zapatero government sends more troops to Afghanistan

By Paul Stuart and Paul Mitchell, 2 May 2009

Last month, Spain became the first European country to increase its military mission in Afghanistan.

Spanish judge launches new torture probe of Bush officials

By Paul Mitchell and Chris Marsden, 1 May 2009

Spain’s top investigative judge, Baltasar Garzón, has launched a criminal investigation into allegations of torture at Guantánamo Bay that will target high-level Bush administration officials.

Europe faces ever deepening recession

By Chris Marsden, 28 April 2009

The IMF has predicted a deepening recession in Europe, with the euro zone’s economy contracting by 4.2 percent this year, significantly worse than its January forecast of a 2 percent decline.

Spain’s Socialist Party government suppresses torture probe of Bush officials

By Paul Mitchell, 25 April 2009

The Obama administration and Spain’s Socialist Party (PSOE) government are working in tandem to prevent the prosecution of top Bush administration officials.

Spain: Police repression against student protests

By Vicky Short, 22 April 2009

The Spanish government of José Luis Zapatero’s Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) is resorting to police repression in an attempt to silence students protesting its education “reforms”.

Spain: Zapatero sacks finance minister

By Paul Stuart, 18 April 2009

In response to mounting criticism over his handling of the economic crisis, Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) Prime Minister José Luis Zapatero carried out a sudden cabinet restructuring.

Spain: Big business demands savage attacks on working class following bank crash

By Paul Stuart, 4 April 2009

Big business leaders in Spain are stepping up their demands for labour reforms in the wake of a regional banks collapse.

Spanish court weighs torture charges against former US officials

By Bill Van Auken, 31 March 2009

A Spanish court is considering criminal charges against former US Attorney General Alberto Gonzales and other top officials in the Bush administration for providing legal justification for torture, and other crimes associated with the “war on terror.”

Spain: New Anti-Capitalist Left party to contest European elections

By Paul Stuart and Paul Mitchell, 13 March 2009

The United Left faction Alternative Space has set up a new Anti-Capitalist Left party to contest the European elections in June.

Spain: Zapatero government accused of directing anti-immigrant crackdown

By Paul Stuart, 9 March 2009

The PSOE government in Spain is accused of setting police arrest quotas for immigrants. In the working class Madrid district of Vallecas, police were given weekly targets for the arrests.

Spain: Major economic downturn predicted for 2009

By Marcus Morgan, 20 February 2009

The Spanish economy, the fifth largest in Europe, is now sliding into a full-blown recession.

Spain: Montserrat Martínez and her campaign to discover the truth about Franco’s mass graves

By Paul Mitchell, 28 January 2009

Montserrat Martínez Soler has been at the forefront of the campaign to discover the truth about the mass graves that contain the remains of Republicans and leftists killed by Franco’s forces during the Spanish Civil War and his regime that followed. She spoke with the WSWS about the exhumation of the grave containing the remains of her grandfather.

Video: “So many thousands of unknown nameless people”—Franco's mass graves

28 January 2009

Vicky Short of the World Socialist Web Site interviewed Montserrat Martinez about her campaign to discover the truth about the mass graves that contain the remains of Republicans and leftists killed by Franco's forces during the Spanish Civil War and his regime that followed. She spoke to the WSWS about the exhumation of the grave containing the remains of her grandfather.

Spain: Montserrat Martínez and her campaign to discover the truth about Franco’s mass graves

By Paul Mitchell, 27 January 2009

Montserrat Martínez Soler has been at the forefront of the campaign to discover the truth about the mass graves that contain the remains of Republicans and leftists killed by Franco’s forces during the Spanish Civil War and his regime that followed. She spoke with the WSWS about the exhumation of the grave containing the remains of her grandfather.

Spain: The collapse of the investigation into Franco-era crimes

By Paul Bond, 10 December 2008

Spain’s ruling elite is trying to consign the fate of the estimated 300,000 political opponents murdered by the fascists, the 500,000 people they imprisoned and the 500,000 they forced into exile to the shadows of history.

Spain: Judge Garzón abandons investigation into Franco-era crimes

By Paul Mitchell, 22 November 2008

Judge Baltasar Garzón has decided to abandon his investigation into the executions and repression carried out by the fascist regime of General Francisco Franco after protests from right-wing politicians, the media and the Roman Catholic Church.

Spanish Stalinist leader Carrillo opposes Garzón indictment

By Paul Bond, 14 November 2008

Santiago Carrillo, the 93-year-old former general secretary of the Stalinist Communist Party of Spain (PCE), has publicly criticised moves by Judge Baltasar Garzón for an investigation of the crimes of the Franco dictatorship.

Spain: Supreme Court halts investigation into Franco-era crimes

By Paul Stuart and Paul Mitchell, 13 November 2008

Spain’s Supreme Court has halted the investigation begun by Judge Baltasar Garzón into the executions and repression carried out by the fascist regime of General Francisco Franco.

Spain: What the Garzon indictment states about the crimes of the Franco era

By Paul Mitchell, 5 November 2008

Judge Baltasar Garzon has launched an investigation into the thousands of mass graves of the victims of the Franco scattered across Spain. To date, not a single person has been prosecuted for the crimes committed under the dictatorship.

Spain: Investigation launched into Franco’s crimes

By Paul Bond, 3 November 2008

Spain’s most prominent investigative judge has opened the country’s first criminal investigation into the executions and repression carried out by the fascist regime of General Francisco Franco.

IMF: Spain to be hit hard by recession

By Keith Lee and Paul Bond, 20 October 2008

A recent forecast by the IMF predicts Spain will enter recession next year and will be “harder-hit than other countries.”

The Spanish Civil War by Andy Durgan

Britain’s Socialist Workers Party lends credence to Stalinist line on Spanish Civil War—Part 2

By Ann Talbot, 17 September 2008

Andy Durgan, The Spanish Civil War: Studies in European History (Palgrave Macmillan, 2007: New York, New York)

The Spanish Civil War by Andy Durgan

Britain’s SWP lends credence to Stalinist line on Spanish Civil War—Part 1

By Ann Talbot, 16 September 2008

Andy Durgan, The Spanish Civil War (New York, New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007). The Spanish Civil War generates a massive body of historical work every year. This book stands out and merits attention because Andy Durgan is associated with the British Socialist Workers Party.

Madrid plane crash: Pilot’s union warned months before that cut-backs placing passengers at risk

By Marcus Morgan, 23 August 2008

After the worst Spanish air tragedy in 25 years on Wednesday, accident investigators have begun examining the wreckage of the plane that crashed at Madrid’s Barajas airport, killing 153 passengers. Just 19 passengers have survived the crash, 5 of whom are said to be in a critical condition, with horrific injuries. The captain and co-pilot are confirmed among the dead.

Spain: Economy slumps as unemployment hits ten year high

By Paul Stuart, 19 August 2008

News that the 15-member euro zone has recorded its first-ever contraction will put greater pressure on an already ailing Spanish economy.

Spain: Socialist government turns on immigrants as economy heads for recession

By Paul Mitchell, 4 August 2008

Spain’s Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) government is turning on the country’s immigrant population as the economy heads towards recession. The PSOE administration headed by Prime Minister José Luis Zapatero was once regarded as Europe’s most liberal, left-leaning administration, but it today allies itself with the most right wing elements in the European Union (EU). One could go further and say Zapatero and his ministers are now leading the xenophobic pack.

Spanish government uses tragedy of African boat people to strengthen anti-immigration policies

By Paul Stuart, 22 July 2008

Once again, Spain has been gripped by horrific images of boats drifting from Africa to its shores overflowing with the traumatized and exhausted bodies of migrant workers lying motionless amongst the dead. It is estimated that over the last few years up to 3,000 migrants have died en route to Spain. But this year Francisco Vicente, the head of the Red Cross in the Spanish port of Almería declared that, “In five years, this is the worst I have ever seen.”

Spain: Popular Party right-wing rejects “turn to the centre”

By Paul Stuart and Paul Mitchell, 5 July 2008

The right-wing of Spain’s Popular Party (PP) has rejected the “turn to the centre” endorsed at the June 20-22 party conference in Valencia. A significant and influential section of the party, grouped around president of the Madrid region, Esperanza Aguirre, and backed by former PP Prime Minister José Maria Aznar, has launched a struggle to undermine the decision and unseat Mariano Rajoy who was re-elected PP leader by conference delegates. The conservative paper El Mundo described the period leading up to the conference as “the darkest 100 days in Popular Party history.”

Spain: Prime Minister Zapatero lashes out at European Central Bank

By Keith Lee, 5 July 2008

Spanish Prime Minister José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero has lashed out at the European Central Bank (ECB) and its president Jean Claude Trichet.

Spain: The Popular Party begins to fracture

By Vicky Short and Paul Stuart, 20 June 2008

Spain’s right-wing opposition Popular Party (PP) is engulfed in a bitter internal political as today’s three-day national conference begins.

Spain’s “water wars”: A scramble for essential resources

By Paul Bond, 28 April 2008

Disputes between Spain’s autonomous regions are escalating over the country’s ongoing water crisis. Government officials describe the present drought as the worst in a century. What has been dubbed a “water war” has exposed the inability of capitalism to organise essential resources.

Housing slump hits Spain

By Keith Lee, 21 April 2008

The clearest indication of the impact of the global credit crunch is the sharp slowdown in the housing sector. The housing slump in Spain is particularly sharp.

Spain: Socialist Party wins a second term in government

By Paul Mitchell, 12 March 2008

The Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) led by José Luis Zapatero has won a second term in government, receiving 44 percent of the vote compared to the opposition right-wing Popular Party’s 40 percent. The PSOE now has 169 seats in the 350-seat parliament, 5 more than in 2004. The PP has 154 seats, adding 6.

Political instability and social struggles will follow Spain’s general election

By Paul Mitchell, 8 March 2008

Latest polls suggest the Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) led by current Prime Minister José Luis Zapatero is just 1.5 percentage points ahead of Mariano Rajoy’s opposition right-wing Popular Party (PP) in tomorrow’s parliamentary election. Neither side looks likely to win an absolute majority in the legislature and will probably need to reach an agreement with smaller parties in order to form a government.

Spain: United Left splits as it lurches further right

By Vicky Short, 6 March 2008

The United Left (Izquierda Unida—IU) coalition is splitting apart, with warring factions of the Spanish Communist Party (PCE) competing for supremacy.

Kosovo independence fuels regionalist divisions in Spain

By Paul Bond, 27 February 2008

Kosovo’s declaration of independence from Serbia has dramatically worsened tensions in Spanish domestic politics, fuelling an already volatile situation ahead of next month’s general election. The declaration of independence has encouraged the drive towards separatism within many of Spain’s constituent regions, increasing the possibility of the balkanisation of larger parts of Europe.

Spain: Government tries to ban Basque separatist parties from election

By Paul Bond, 20 February 2008

In the run-up to next month’s general election, the ruling Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) is making clear moves to appease right-wing voters. Even the party’s closest media supporters in the newspaper El Pais note the similarities between campaigns of the PSOE and the right-wing Popular Party (PP).

Spanish economy dominates election

By Keith Lee, 12 February 2008

With the Spanish election just under two months away, the two main political parties have made the economy central to their election manifestoes.

Spain: Catholic Church renews offensive against abortion rights

By Paul Stewart, 6 February 2008

The PSOE (Spanish Socialist Workers Party) has removed the extension of abortion rights in its manifesto for the March national elections.

Spain: Socialist Party capitulates to right wing anti-abortionists

By Paul Stuart, 5 January 2008

At a December 28 press conference, Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero finally ruled out including in the Socialist Workers Party of Spain (PSOE) manifesto for next March’s general election the decriminalisation and extension of abortion rights beyond the 1985 criteria established after the fall of General Francisco Franco’s dictatorship.

Spain: 16-year-old murdered by fascist

By Vicky Short, 8 December 2007

Violent social and political conflicts have exploded in Spain’s main towns, following the passing of the Law of Historical Memory by the Spanish Congress last month. The Law officially condemns the mass executions and other crimes carried out during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) and the military dictatorship of General Francisco Franco (1939-1975) that followed The conflicts have already claimed several victims, one fatal, and provoked pitched battles between police and anti-fascist demonstrators. Several youth have been stabbed by neo-Nazi and racist thugs, and beaten up and imprisoned by the police.

Royal visit revives tensions between Spain and Morocco

By Marcus Morgan and Paul Bond, 6 December 2007

A royal visit by King Juan Carlos and his wife Queen Sofia to the disputed Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla on the coast of Morocco elicited a sharp rebuke from the Moroccan government. The enclaves are the oldest remnants of Spanish colonial territory in North Africa, and remained under Spanish control when Morocco gained its independence.

New law condemning Franco’s crimes further polarises Spain

By Paul Stuart and Paul Mitchell, 21 November 2007

Spain’s Congress recently passed the Law of Historical Memory, which for the first time officially condemns the mass executions and other crimes carried out during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) and the military dictatorship of General Francisco Franco (1939-1975) that followed.

Madrid bombing convictions despite flimsy evidence

Informant gave advance warning to Civil Guard

By Paul Bond, 7 November 2007

The sentences handed down at the culmination of the Madrid train bombing trial have served to underscore its political character.

Spain: Arrests of Batasuna leadership by Socialist Party ahead of elections

By Paul Bond, 25 October 2007

With the arrest earlier this month of most of the leadership of the Basque separatist party Batasuna, the Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) government of José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero has made a clear pitch for a right-wing vote ahead of next year’s election.

Spain: Revelations of obscene wealth inherited by former dictator Franco’s family

By Vicky Short, 2 October 2007

Widespread anger has erupted in Spain over revelations regarding the massive wealth inherited by the family of former dictator General Francisco Franco. The revelations are coupled with stories of the degenerate and decadent lifestyles of the Francos—one of the richest families in Spain.

Scientists warn Spain could see mass spread of deserts

By David O’Rourke, 28 August 2007

Several recent scientific reports have warned of the enormous environmental problems that Spain faces as a result of pollution, coastline development, and global warming.

Delphi’s exit from Spain to be followed by other relocations

By Marcus Morgan, 8 August 2007

Following the announcement in February that the Delphi-owned Puerto Real factory in Cadiz would be closed due to unprofitable operating costs, the automotive parts manufacturer has left Spain with a severance deal of 120 million euros (US$163 million) for the 1,600 workers left jobless. Workers voted overwhelmingly to accept the offer negotiated between the unions and the company.

Catholic Church to construct monument to clergy killed during Spanish Civil War

By Paul Stuart, 6 August 2007

Valencia City Hall, controlled by the right-wing Popular Party (PP), has granted the Catholic Church the right to build a new church covering 3,000 square metres, topped with a 28-metre-high bell tower, in the former dockside warehouse district of El Grau.

Spain: ETA ceasefire collapses as Zapatero government seeks unity with Popular Party

By Paul Mitchell, 10 July 2007

On June 6, the Basque separatist group ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna—Basque Homeland and Freedom) formally announced the end of its “permanent ceasefire” in Spain. The ceasefire had been announced on March 24, 2006, halting ETA’s 38-year military campaign of bombings and shootings that resulted in the deaths of 800 people.

Spanish property boom ends amidst share panic

By Keith Lee, 14 June 2007

Spanish property values took a massive hammering recently, as fears grew that the market boom had ended. Amidst panic amongst investors and property developers, some companies saw large percentages of their share price wiped out in a few hours.

Spain: Socialist Party government and unions sell out struggle against Delphi plant closure

By Marcus Morgan and Paul Mitchell, 31 May 2007

The US-based auto-parts supplier Delphi is to close its Puerto Real factory in Cádiz in the Andalucía region of Spain, making 1,600 workers redundant. Thousands of families could be directly affected by the job losses, as well as dozens of smaller businesses dependent on the plant.

An exchange on the Spanish Civil War: Socialism or a bourgeois republic?

11 April 2007

Below we publish an email from a reader and a reply by WSWS writer Ann Talbot. (See “Eric Hobsbawm on the Spanish Civil War: an anti-historical tirade” and “Introductory remarks by World Socialist Web Site correspondent at Madrid congress on Spanish Civil War”)

Spanish Judge calls for architects of Iraq invasion to be tried for war crimes

By Vicky Short, 27 March 2007

Baltasar Garzón, the Spanish judge who sought to prosecute Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet, has called for US President George W. Bush and his allies to be tried for war crimes over Iraq.

The Madrid bombing trial: what has been revealed so far

By Paul Bond, 24 March 2007

On the third anniversary of the Madrid train bombings that killed 191 people, the trial of those accused of planning and perpetrating the atrocity has become a focus for bitter political divisions within Spain.

Eric Hobsbawm on the Spanish Civil War: an anti-historical tirade

By Ann Talbot, 16 March 2007

Eric Hobsbawm recently wrote an article in the Guardian about the Spanish Civil War, partly in memory of the 70th anniversary of that war, and partly to trail his forthcoming book Globalisation, Democracy and Terrorism.

Thousands of African migrants drown trying to reach Europe

By Vicky Short, 4 January 2007

The year 2006 closed with yet another in a long list of tragedies suffered by African migrants seeking refuge in Europe. More than 100 people from Senegal drowned on December 15, in the open seas, when the flimsy boat (cayuco) in which they were travelling in an attempt to emigrate via the Canary Islands was shipwrecked. Another 25 were rescued by fishermen near Saint-Louis.

Introductory remarks by World Socialist Web Site correspondent at Madrid congress on Spanish Civil War

By our reporter, 11 December 2006

A three-day conference was held in Madrid between November 27 and 29 to mark the 70th anniversary of the Spanish Civil War. An account of the meeting, “Congress held in Madrid on 70th anniversary of Spanish Civil War,” can be read at here.

Spain: Socialist Party government betrays victims of Franco’s dictatorship

By Paul Stuart, 4 December 2006

On November 16, the human rights group Amnesty International issued its report on the Law for the Recovery of Historical Memory drafted by Spain’s Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) government.

Congress held in Madrid on 70th anniversary of Spanish Civil War

By Bill Van Auken, 4 December 2006

The three-day congress held last week in Madrid on the 70th anniversary of the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War was one of the largest and most heavily attended academic and intellectual events in Spain in recent memory.

Spain: Amnesty International details abuse of migrants

By Marcus Morgan, 1 December 2006

A report published by Amnesty International details the worsening situation facing many migrants from the sub-Saharan African region at the hands of both the Moroccan and Spanish authorities.

WSWS correspondent to address international conference on the Spanish Civil War

24 November 2006

World Socialist Web Site correspondent Ann Talbot is to address the International Conference on the Spanish Civil War, in Madrid on November 27-29, 2006.

Spain: Popular Party attempts to wreck ETA ceasefire

By Paul Mitchell, 18 November 2006

Spain’s right-wing opposition Popular Party (PP) is attempting to wreck the ceasefire announced on March 24, 2006, by the Basque separatist group Euskadi ta Askatasuna (Basque Homeland and Freedom—ETA). The ceasefire was accompanied by a declaration of a permanent end to its 38-year military campaign of bombings and shootings that resulted in the death of 800 people.

Right-wing Popular Party attacks Spain’s leading judge

By Daniel O’Flynn and Vicky Short, 9 November 2006

A campaign has been mounted by the right-wing opposition Spanish Popular Party (PP) against the leading judge, Baltasar Garzón.

Tense takeover battle for Spain’s Endesa energy company

By John Vassilopoulos, 31 October 2006

The longstanding dispute over the takeover of Spanish energy company Endesa exploded again last week, after the European Commission sent the Spanish government a formal notice over the latter’s refusal to lift the conditions it imposed on the €27 billion takeover bid by German energy giant EON. A successful bid by EON, the world’s largest privately owned energy provider, would turn the company into the world’s biggest utility and allow it access through Endesa into Spain, Italy, France and Latin America.

Spanish protests demand affordable housing

By Marcus Morgan, 30 October 2006

Street demonstrations were held in major Spanish cities this month to protest the lack of affordable housing, especially for young people looking for a first home.

Spain: new capitulation by the Socialist Party to the Catholic Church

By Paul Stuart, 26 October 2006

On September 22, Spain’s Socialist Party (PSOE) Vice President María Teresa Fernández de la Vega put the finishing touches on an agreement that continues state financing for the Catholic Church, despite the 1978 Spanish constitution formally separating church from state. Earlier Socialist Party President Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero gave his “full understanding and support” to Pope Benedict XVI, whose September 12 speech in Germany asserted that Christianity was based on reason, whereas Islam was spread by violent means.

Marbella construction scandal exposes endemic criminality of Spanish capitalism

By John Vassilopoulos, 17 October 2006

The surfacing of a number of corruption scandals linked to the construction industry in Spain has revealed the outright criminality that lay at the heart of the country’s recent economic boom.

Spain: Government seeks European clampdown on Canary Islands boat people

By Paul Mitchell and Keith Lee, 13 October 2006

The Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) government is answering the plight of the impoverished boat people sailing from Africa to the Canary Islands with more repressive measures. Prime Minister José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero’s government is demanding the European Union (EU) help increase surveillance and naval patrols to intercept the boat people and pressuring African leaders to agree to their repatriation.

Play on Lorca staged in Madrid in face of right-wing protests

By Paul Bond, 12 October 2006

A play dealing with the last hours of the poet Federico Garcia Lorca, leading up to his murder by the fascist Falangists, has finally been staged in Madrid, for one performance only.

Construction slowdown threatens Spain’s economic boom

By John Vassilopulos, 19 September 2006

Economists are predicting a slowdown in Spain’s construction industry in 2007, which has been at the heart of the country’s decade-long economic boom. They warned that unless the disproportionate role the construction sector occupies in the economy is addressed, “Spain may soon be on track for economic mediocrity.”

Spain: “Law of historical memory” continues cover-up of Franco’s crimes

By Paul Stuart, 11 September 2006

Spain’s Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) government has declared 2006 the Year of Historical Memory and has submitted a “law of historical memory” to the country’s Congress for ratification. For the first time the mass killings committed by General Francisco Franco’s fascist regime (1939-1975) are described as “unjust.”

Spain: A decade of economic boom and stagnant wages

By Paul Mitchell, 30 August 2006

By all accounts, Spain has experienced an economic boom over the last decade. It has “continued its prolonged economic expansion” (International Monetary Fund) and “weathered the international slowdown” (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) making it “one of Europe’s best-performing economies” (Economist magazine).

Spain defies European Commission on energy company sell-off

By John Vassilopoulos, 26 August 2006

The €27 billion takeover bid by German energy giant EON for Spain’s energy company Endesa has again brought Madrid into conflict with the European Commission. In a letter to the Spanish government on August 3, the European Commission raised serious concerns over 19 conditions that Spain’s national energy commission (CNE) wants to impose on the deal, including the forced divestment of about 30 percent of the company’s generating capacity. The European Commission accuses the Spanish government of seeking to “disguise interference with the flow of capital.”

The Pope and the Catholic Church mobilise against the Spanish government

By Vicky Short, 1 August 2006

The Fifth World Meeting of Families took place in the seaside town of Valencia, Spain in the first week of July. The event provided Pope Benedict XVI with the perfect platform from which to attack the Socialist Party (PSOE) government’s social reforms, which include the legalization of same-sex marriage. The government has also made it easier for Spaniards to divorce, eased the ability to conduct stem-cell research, and halted a plan by the previous right-wing Popular Party (PP) government to make religion classes mandatory in public schools.