India

India’s pro-business BJP government tables austerity budget

By Kranti Kumara, 17 July 2019

The budget was tabled amid a mounting economic crisis and competing demands by domestic and foreign business, on the one hand, and the rating agencies and IMF, on the other.

Tamil Nadu government bans strikes in auto component industries

By Arun Kumar and Kranti Kumara, 6 July 2019

The ruling class's major goal is to transform India into a premier center of global auto manufacturing by imposing brutal working conditions.

Pompeo touts Indo-US alliance, bullies New Delhi

By Keith Jones, 28 June 2019

India’s ruling elite is determined to double-down on its reckless gamble that it can realize its great-power ambitions by serving as US imperialism’s junior partner.

Severe water shortage afflicts Chennai, India’s fourth-largest metro area

By Arun Kumar, 25 June 2019

While the authorities have sought to blame the crisis on the failure of the monsoon, the real cause of the acute water shortage is the criminal indifference of successive central and state governments to people’s basic needs.

“Water has been made a commodity for profit”—Chennai residents speak out on city’s water crisis

By a WSWS Reporting Team, 25 June 2019

WSWS reporters spoke with workers and other impoverished residents of Chennai about the severe water crisis afflicting India’s fourth largest metropolitan area.

Indian prime minister boosts strategic ties with the Maldives and Sri Lanka

By Rohantha De Silva, 15 June 2019

Modi’s visits were to make clear that New Delhi is determined to prevent China regaining influence in the two Indian Ocean island nations.

Arch-communalist Modi sworn-in as India’s prime minister for second time

By Deepal Jayasekera, 1 June 2019

Big business, reports the Economic Times, wants the government placed on a “war footing” to rapidly implement “investor friendly reforms.”

Stalinist CPM and CPI suffer meltdown in India’s national election

By Deepal Jayasekera, 27 May 2019

The Stalinists’ electoral debacle is the outcome of their decades-long political suppression of the working class and key role in implementing a “pro-market,” “pro-investor” agenda.

Indian big business propels Modi and his Hindu supremacist BJP to a second term

By Keith Jones, 24 May 2019

For decades the Stalinists have justified their support for right-wing governments by claiming this would block the BJP’s path to power, but the end result is that the BJP and Hindu right are a greater menace than ever.

The Indian elections and the fight to free the Maruti Suzuki class war prisoners

By Saman Gunadasa, 23 May 2019

Completely blacked out from the election campaign has been any discussion of the plight of the 13 Maruti Suzuki workers who have been jailed for life on frame-up murder charges.

Indian Elections:

Stalinist CPM faces debacle in its West Bengal “bastion”

By Deepal Jayasekera, 22 May 2019

Much of the CPM’s apparatus has defected either to the right-wing Trinamool Congress or the Hindu supremacist BJP of Narendra Modi.

Dominated by communalist appeals and threats

India’s multi-phase election concludes

By Keith Jones, 18 May 2019

The working class will come into headlong conflict with India’s next government, whatever its precise composition.

Indian elections: Congress combines populist rhetoric with jingoism and communalism

By Wasantha Rupasingha, 16 May 2019

The Indian bourgeoisie’s traditional party of government, the Congress, like the BJP, is committed to pro-investor “reform” and an anti-China partnership with US imperialism.

ICFI supporters hold rally in India to demand freedom for Assange and Manning

By our correspondents, 16 May 2019

The rally in the capital of the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu attracted the attention of workers and youth.

ICFI supporters in India to hold picket to free Assange

9 May 2019

The protest organised by the Indian Trotskyists is part of the ICFI’s international campaign to defend WikiLeaks publisher Julian Assange.

India’s election and the revolutionary program to oppose austerity, war and communal reaction

By Keith Jones, 8 May 2019

The BJP’s turn to militarism and unabashed communal reaction is animated, above all, by its fear of growing social opposition.

As class struggle sharpens,

Indian Stalinists stump for right-wing bourgeois government

By Deepal Jayasekera and Keith Jones, 1 May 2019

India’s Stalinist parliamentary parties have redoubled their efforts to subordinate the working class to the parties and putrid state institutions of the Indian bourgeoisie.

Chauvinist “We Tamil” party seeks to divide working class in Indian elections

By Athiyan Silva and V. Gnana, 1 May 2019

The “We Tamil” party relentlessly promotes Tamil nationalism to divide workers and peasants in India along ethnic lines, and subordinate them to imperialism and the Indian state.

India: BJP makes indicted Hindu supremacist terrorist a “star” election candidate

By Keith Jones, 24 April 2019

Pragya Thakur Singh—who is under criminal indictment for her role in a 2008 bomb blast—is standing against Congress Party General Secretary Digvijaya Singh in Bhopal.

Major Indian airline grounded, threatening 23,000 jobs

By Deepal Jayasekera, 23 April 2019

The crisis facing Jet Airways, and which has caused it to ground all its aircraft, is part of a global crisis of the aviation industry.

Voters go to polls in Tamil Nadu in second phase of India’s national election

By V. Gnana, 18 April 2019

In Tamil Nadu the election contest is dominated by two reactionary alliances, fronted by rival Tamil-nationalist parties and allied respectively with the BJP and the Congress Party.

Communalist taunts, bellicose threats, phony promises

India’s election descends into the mire

By Keith Jones, 16 April 2019

With each week, the election campaign in the world’s “largest democracy” grows more toxic.

Samjhauta Express bombing:

Indian Court allows violent Hindu supremacists to go scot-free

By Kranti Kumara, 9 April 2019

In what is a consistent pattern in cases involving Hindu communalist violence against Muslims, an Indian court has exonerated four Hindu extremists implicated in a 2007 bombing that killed 68.

Preparing for “tomorrow’s wars,” India shoots down satellite

By Deepal Jayasekera, 1 April 2019

Modi’s order that India demonstrate its “space war” capabilities was driven by both strategic and immediate electoral considerations.

Amidst mounting social opposition

Indian elite nervously prepares for national elections

By Wasantha Rupasinghe and Keith Jones, 27 March 2019

Among India’s workers and toilers there is deep-rooted anger against not only the ruling BJP, but against the ruinous outcome of three decades of “pro-investor” reform.

Reports underscore how close India and Pakistan came to all-out war in late February

By Keith Jones, 20 March 2019

Just three weeks ago, India and Pakistan became the first nuclear-armed powers to ever attack each other with warplanes.

Victimized Indian autoworker and leader of fight to free framed-up workers speaks to WSWS:

Jailing the Maruti Suzuki workers for life “is meant to encourage the capitalists to further enslave the working class”

By our reporters, 18 March 2019

Jitender Dhankhar—a victimized Maruti Suzuki worker and leader of the fight to free the 13 of his former co-workers at the Manesar car assembly plant who have been jailed for life on frame-up charges—has provided the following interview to the World Socialist Web Site.

Free the Maruti Suzuki Thirteen!

Two years since Indian court condemned autoworkers to life-in-prison in monstrous frame-up

By Keith Jones, 18 March 2019

The Maruti Suzuki 13 are class war prisoners, who have already had to endure six and a half years in the nightmare that is India’s penal system.

India: Modi government suppresses disastrous unemployment report

By Kranti Kumara, 13 March 2019

According to the government’s own Labour Force Survey, India’s unemployment rate is the highest in 45 years.

Indian Trotskyists hold Kolkata public meeting to celebrate 80th anniversary of the Fourth International

By our correspondents, 13 March 2019

Sunday’s event was held against the background of intense political and military tension and the danger of war between India and Pakistan, with deadly consequences for millions of people in the region.

Trotskyists campaign in Kolkata for 80th anniversary of the Fourth International meeting

Students and workers discuss India-Pakistan military tensions and the necessity for socialist internationalism

By our correspondents, 8 March 2019

The campaign for the Kolkata meeting is being conducted as military tensions between India and Pakistan intensify.

Days after coming to the brink of all-out war

India and Pakistan stoke chauvinism, exchange threats

By Deepal Jayasekera, 6 March 2019

Although cross-border shelling has reportedly declined since Sunday, continuing tensions between South Asia’s rival nuclear-armed states have left the region on the brink of a catastrophic war.

India-Pakistan war tensions escalate

By Deepal Jayasekera, 4 March 2019

At least six civilians and two Pakistani soldiers have been killed as a result of cross-border shelling from both sides along the Line of Control.

India and Pakistan tobogganing toward a catastrophic war

By Keith Jones, 2 March 2019

India and Pakistan are teetering on the brink of what would be the first-ever war between nuclear-armed states.

India and Pakistan issue fresh war threats

By K. Ratnayake, 1 March 2019

Even as Islamabad agreed to release a captured Indian pilot as a “peace gesture,” India and Pakistan continued their war preparations.

Nuclear-armed India, Pakistan on brink of all-out war

By K. Ratnayake, 28 February 2019

Pakistan announced Wednesday that it had struck targets in India after India carried out a large-scale bombing raid deep in Pakistan on Tuesday morning.

India bombs Pakistan, Islamabad vows military retaliation

By Wasantha Rupasinghe, 27 February 2019

Washington gave the green light for Tuesday’s attack, although it could trigger tit-for-tat retaliatory action that quickly cascades into all-out war.

The Progressive Revolution: Modern Art for a New India

Modern Indian art at the Asia Society Museum in New York

By Josh Varlin and Evan Cohen, 20 February 2019

The Progressive Artists’ Group brought together remarkable artists whose works express the democratic and anti-imperialist sentiments of millions as the British Raj ended.

Indian government intensifies retaliatory threats against Pakistan

By Deepal Jayasekera, 19 February 2019

Any Indian military strike could easily lead to a tit-for-tat escalation and rapidly cascade into an all-out war between South Asia’s rival nuclear-armed states.

Indian government seizes on Kashmir attack to ratchet up tensions with Pakistan

By Deepal Jayasekera, 16 February 2019

New Delhi’s denunciations and blood-curdling threats are all but an announcement of an impending Indian military strike on Pakistan.

“It is necessary to base our struggle not on one company or on one nation, but by mobilizing the workers of the world”

Maruti Suzuki workers in India send greetings to February 9 protest

12 February 2019

Jitender Dhankar, a member of the provisional committee of the Maruti Suzuki Workers Union (MSWU) in India, sent a message of solidarity to the workers and young people who participated in the February 9 demonstration against the factory closures and mass layoffs by General Motors.

India and the Maldives strengthen military ties

By Rohantha De Silva, 5 February 2019

In a clear jab against China, the two countries agreed not to allow their territories to “be used for any activity that is hostile to each other’s interest.”

India: Unions betray Tamil Nadu teachers’ and government workers’ strike

By Arun Kumar, 1 February 2019

The unions have cynically claimed that the shutdown of all industrial action is “temporary.”

Indian state government fires hundreds of teachers as Tamil Nadu strike faces a crossroads

By Arun Kumar, 30 January 2019

By isolating striking teachers and government workers, the JACTTO-GEO, which has hundreds of thousands of members, has allowed the state government to intensify its anti-democratic attacks.

India: Striking Tamil Nadu teachers and government employees defy state repression

By Arun Kumar, 28 January 2019

In an attempt to break the strike, the state government has arrested hundreds of teachers who face charges of unlawful assembly and other bogus allegations.

Indian Trotskyists campaign for Kolkata meeting to mark the 80th anniversary of the Fourth International

By Arun Kumar and Ritwik Mitter, 26 January 2019

Indian university students discuss the rising danger of war and the betrayal by the Stalinist parties of the working class.

Striking Tamil Nadu teachers denounce state and central governments

By Sasi Kumar and Nanda Kumar, 25 January 2019

Protesting teachers told WSWS that all the parliamentary parties have inflicted similar attacks on pay and conditions.

Indian government foreshadows harsher internet surveillance and censorship

By Wasantha Rupasinghe, 18 January 2019

The planned laws are part of vast array of anti-democratic measures being introduced by governments internationally to target and spy on internet users.

Indian transit workers in Mumbai defy authorities, continue strike

By Kranti Kumara, 16 January 2019

As soon as the strike began, Maharashtra’s BJP state government invoked essential services legislation, threatening the strikers with mass incarceration, fines and dismissals.

India: Daikin air conditioning workers target of police assault, frame-up charges

By Kranti Kumara, 15 January 2019

In the midst of last week’s all-India strike, police launched a brutal attack on Daikin workers and are now conspiring with the company to frame up worker-militants on charges of attempted murder.

The political significance of India’s two-day general strike

By Keith Jones, 12 January 2019

This week’s general strike in India, one of the largest strikes in history, is part of a growing upsurge of the world working class.

Mounting social anger seen in two-day strike against Indian government

By our correspondents, 10 January 2019

While the capitalist media tried to black out the strike, it was supported by broad sections of the working class.

India’s “rise” and the savage exploitation of the working class

By Kranti Kumara, 10 January 2019

India’s rapidly expanding working class is condemned to poverty wages, Dickensian working conditions and precarious employment, and this in a country in which public services, if they exist at all, are dilapidated.

Millions of Indian workers hold two-day general strike against Modi government

By our correspondents, 9 January 2019

The strike, which is continuing today, is a powerful indication of the mass opposition to the Hindu-supremacist Bharatiya Janatha Party-led government and its “free-market” policies.

Indian workers need revolutionary socialist program to combat social devastation and political reaction

By Deepal Jayesekera and Keith Jones, 8 January 2019

Tens of millions of workers and young people will participate in this week’s 48-hour, all-India strike against the socially incendiary “pro-investor” economic policies of the BJP-led government.

Indian Trotskyists in Kolkata to celebrate 80 years of the Fourth International

7 January 2019

The Kolkata meeting will review the essential political lessons of the protracted struggle of the Fourth International and their relevance to the fight for socialist internationalism today.

India’s unions to hold two-day “general strike” next week

By Deepal Jayasekera, 5 January 2019

While millions of workers will join the protest strike to oppose Modi and his class-war policies, the Stalinists and their union allies are intent on channelling social opposition behind the Congress and other rightwing parties.

Fifteen Indian coal miners trapped, likely killed, in mine disaster

By W. A. Sunil, 5 January 2019

Rescue efforts after the “rat-hole” mine flooded have been hampered by inadequate equipment and the indifference of the government authorities.

India: Stalinist unions suppress Tamil Nadu auto strikes, promise “industrial peace”

By Arun Kumar and Yuan Darwin, 31 December 2018

The strikes’ outcome is further proof that the Stalinist-led CITU serves as an industrial police force for big business, containing and suppressing working-class opposition.

New postings in Urdu on capitalist breakdown and war, France’s Yellow Vest protests

27 December 2018

Four recent WSWS Perspectives are now available in Urdu, Pakistan’s national language.

Indian state elections show mounting social anger against ruling Hindu-supremacist BJP

By Wasantha Rupasinghe and Keith Jones, 14 December 2018

The BJP lost power to the Congress Party in three states that are part of the “Hindi heartland,” its traditional power-base—Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh.

Indian workers face slave-like conditions in Sri Lanka

By R. Shreeharan and Ivan Weerasinghe, 10 December 2018

Young men recruited from a Jharkhand village to work on a high-voltage power-line in Sri Lanka have not been paid for three months.

While Modi touts India’s growth rate,

Four jobless youths commit suicide

By Kranti Kumara, 4 December 2018

There are more than 10 million annual entrants into India’s labor market. Yet a recent study found that less than a million new jobs were created in the first three years of the Modi-led BJP government.

Indian Trotskyists celebrate 80 years of the Fourth International

By our correspondents, 23 November 2018

The Chennai meeting was attended by workers, youth and intellectuals, including some who had travelled hundreds of kilometres to participate.

The kiss of death: Stalinists seek to tie Tamil Nadu auto strikes to right-wing parties

By Arun Kumar, 10 November 2018

Opposing all attempts to broaden the struggle, the Stalinists convened an “all party” meeting, where they touted the leaders of opposition parties and their affiliated unions as the strikers’ allies.

Indian Trotskyists to hold meeting on 80 years of the Fourth International

6 November 2018

The meeting in Chennai, which will also mark 50 years of Sri Lanka’s SEP, will outline the lessons of the protracted struggle for Trotskyism in South Asia and internationally.

Indian state government arrests at least 14 union leaders

By Kranti Kumar, 29 October 2018

The Hindu-extremist BJP government in the northern Indian state of Haryana has arrested union leaders after 200,000 workers took action in solidarity with striking public transport workers.

Indian police detain thousands of striking Tamil Nadu auto workers

By Arun Kumar, 25 October 2018

Stalinist union leaders have sought to isolate the strikers, fearing that their struggle could become the focal point for a broader movement of the working class.

Indian court dismisses Maruti Suzuki workers’ bail application

By Keith Jones, 23 October 2018

There is incontrovertible evidence the Maruti Suzuki workers have been jailed for life as the result of a crude frame-up, but the judge callously refused to hear any of it.

India seizes “shadow bank” to avert potential “catastrophic” impact on financial system

By Kranti Kumara, 20 October 2018

Financial observers have said the collapse of IL&FS could have been India’s “Lehman Brothers moment”—a reference to the September 2008 bankruptcy that triggered the global financial meltdown.

Striking Tamil Nadu auto workers face dismissal

By Moses Rajkumar and Nanda Kumar, 17 October 2018

The unions have refused to mobilise workers to defend strikers at Yamaha, Enfield and MSA, and instead are making futile appeals to the courts and state government.

Tamil Nadu police arrest hundreds of striking Indian autoworkers

By Arun Kumar and Moses Rajkumar, 11 October 2018

Strikes and protests have broken out in Tamil Nadu companies that employ the majority of India’s 7.6 million auto manufacturing workers.

BJP government pushes Air India into financial morass to hasten privatization

By Kranti Kumara, 28 September 2018

The Indian government is determined to sell off what is among the country’s most identifiable companies internationally, so as to underline its commitment to the fire sale of public assets.

India cancels talks with Pakistan, threatens military action

By Keith Jones, 24 September 2018

India’s army chief said “pain” should be inflicted on Pakistan, while applauding New Delhi’s scuttling of foreign ministerial talks with Pakistan.

Indian Stalinists seek to divert discontent into an alliance with capitalist parties

By Arun Kumar, 15 September 2018

The Stalinist parties are preparing for an electoral pact with right-wing regional and casteist parties, as well as the Congress party.

India: Kerala residents face ongoing impact of floods

By Arun Kumar, 11 September 2018

Over a million people remain in 2,780 relief camps, with little hope of returning to normal life in the near future.

India expands anti-China “strategic partnership” with Washington

By Keith Jones, 8 September 2018

New Delhi signed onto a “foundational” military cooperation agreement aimed at transforming India into a front-line state in the US offensive against China.

India: Police charge pro-Dalit activists under anti-terrorism laws

By Kranti Kumara, 6 September 2018

With the aim of muzzling opposition to the BJP government and its noxious Hindu supremacist ideology, police arrested five left-wing activists after conducting warrantless searches of their homes.

India: Kerala floods death toll climbs to 445

By Sathish Simon and Deepal Jayasekera, 27 August 2018

Although water levels are receding, flood survivors have been virtually abandoned by government authorities.

Bangladesh jute mill workers demonstrate; Paradip port workers strike in Orissa

Workers Struggles: Asia, Australia and the Pacific

25 August 2018

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Unprecedented monsoonal floods kill over 370 in southwest India

By Sathish Simon, 20 August 2018

While heavy monsoonal rain is normal at this time of the year, the disastrous levels of flooding in Kerala are unprecedented and not a “natural” event.

Amidst Turkish crisis Indian rupee falls to all-time low

By Deepal Jayasekera, 18 August 2018

The decline of Indian rupee is a part of a global rush by investors away from so-called emerging markets.

Indian government threatens to end citizenship for millions of Assam residents

By Rohantha De Silva, 9 August 2018

The Bharatiya Janata Party is whipping up Hindu chauvinism, not just in Assam state, but throughout India.

India truck protest enters its eighth day

By Wasantha Rupasinghe and Kranti Kumara, 27 July 2018

A nationwide indefinite protest launched July 20 by the All India Motor Transport Congress, a lorry-owners’ association, has paralyzed truck-transportation of goods across India.

Indian government backs mob lynchings targeting Muslims and minorities

By Pradeep Ramayake, 26 July 2018

These attacks are the result of provocations by Hindu extremist groups, supported by the BJP government.

Indian elite alarmed as Maldives gravitates toward China

By Rohantha De Silva, 20 July 2018

The rivalry between India and China over the Maldives underscores the geo-political tensions created by Washington’s offensive against Beijing.

Millions of refugees face harsh conditions across South Asia

By Rohantha De Silva, 13 July 2018

The plight of millions of refugees in South Asia is a damning indictment of the imperialist powers and the regional ruling elites.

India: Victims of police attack on Tuticorin protests speak out

By Sasi Kumar and Moses Rajkumar, 5 July 2018

WSWS reporters interviewed survivors of the police assault on demonstrators demanding the closure of the Sterlite copper smelter.

Pickets in Sri Lanka and India demand freedom for Julian Assange

By our correspondents, 20 June 2018

The campaign to free Assange “is inseparably bound with the struggle for the defence of democratic rights and against the repression of the basic rights of the working class.”

Nine million truck drivers across India strike over increasing fuel prices

By Wasantha Rupasinghe, 19 June 2018

Although fuel price hikes are affecting working people as a whole, the union bureaucrats are blocking any united struggle against this and other government austerity measures.

Indian workers and students demand freedom for Julian Assange

By our reporters, 15 June 2018

Indian Trotskyists campaigned last week in Kolkata and Sriperumbudur as part of the international struggle to defend the WikiLeaks editor.

Free Julian Assange rallies called in Sri Lanka and India

7 June 2018

The SEP and supporters of the ICFI will demonstrate in Colombo, the Sri Lankan capital, and Sriperumbudur, in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

One million Indian bank employees and thousands of Sri Lankan railway workers strike

By our correspondents, 1 June 2018

Industrial action has erupted across the subcontinent against government austerity measures.

The Tuticorin massacre and Modi’s India

By Keith Jones, 26 May 2018

The barbarity of class relations in contemporary India was laid bare in Tuesday’s police massacre of protesters in Tuticorin demanding the closure of a copper smelter that has spewed toxic chemicals for decades.

Fearful of widening mass anger over police shootings

Indian authorities shut down polluting copper plant in Tuticorin

By Deepal Jayasekera, 25 May 2018

Sections of the ruling elite fear the police attacks in Tuticorin will fuel already volatile social tensions across India.

In act of state terror

Indian police kill 12 protesting industrial pollution in Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu

By Deeepal Jayaskera, 24 May 2018

Indian authorities have justified the killing of protesters who were demanding the closure of a smelter, owned by a billionaire Indian industrialist, that has wreaked havoc on the lives of people in southeast Tamil Nadu.

India: Varanasi flyover bridge collapse kills 18

By Wasantha Rupasinghe, 18 May 2018

The tragedy is a further indication that government authorities and construction companies are endangering the safety of workers and the public as a whole.

India’s BJP government creates new category of workers who can be fired at will

By Kranti Kumara, 16 May 2018

Even the appellation “fixed-term employment” is a misnomer, since an employer can terminate a worker’s contract at any time and without providing a rupee in severance pay.

Machines: An unflinching look at an Indian textile mill

By Wasantha Rupasinghe, 15 May 2018

Rahul Jain’s austere but effective documentary focuses on one of the hundreds of textile plants in Gujarat state on India’s west coast.

India: Tamil Nadu government arrests hundreds of protesting teachers and public sector workers

By Sasi Kumar and Moses Rajkumar, 10 May 2018

The demonstrators’ main demand is for the scrapping of a regressive new pension system.